xanthine


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Words related to xanthine

crystalline oxidation product of the metabolism of nucleoproteins

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References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of Silymarin extract administration and g-irradiation exposure on the activities of serum enzymes (ALT, AST, ALP and GGT), hepatic MDA and xanthine oxidoreductase system (XO and XDH) and hepatic GSH and the activities of SOD and CAT.
Congenital diseases may also give rise to hyperuricemia, recessive disorders involving the overproduction of uric acid due to complete or partial lack of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HPRT) [18], which acts to salvage purines from degraded DNA, taking intracellular hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate (IMP) and xanthine to xanthine Monophosphate (certain isozymes), and a deficiency or absence of this enzyme results in elevated concentrations of XOR substrates in the cell [19, 20].
This tannin-rich extract appears to inhibit xanthine oxidase, an enzyme involved in uric acid synthesis.
Here, we report the screening of 1-5 against lipoxygenase, xanthine oxidase, acetyl cholinesterase, butyrl cholinesterase and protease enzymes to explore their therapeutic potentials.
Proinflammatory Activity of Xanthine Oxidoreductase Products
Xanthine oxidase (XO) plays a major role in catalyzing the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine which finally forms uric acid (Saiful et al.
The XOR is a ubiquitous enzyme essential in the last steps of purine metabolism, catalyzing the conversion of both hypoxanthine and xanthine to the end-product uric acid.
It can also decrease oxidative stress by inhibiting xanthine oxidase.
Xanthine dehydrogenase catalyzes the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and xanthine to uric acid in the final two steps of purine degradation.
To assess oxidative injury, blood malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, glutathion peroxidase (GSH-Px), and xanthine oxidase (XO) enzymatic activities were studied.
The study evaluated the effects of listening to favourite music on endothelial function through changes of circulating blood markers of endothelial function: the stable end products of nitric oxide, asymmetric dimethylarginine, symmetric dimethylarginine and xanthine oxidase in 74 patients with stable CAD.
The TFP recommended that initial therapy to lower serum urate should consist of a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, either allopurinol or febuxostat, with no preference asserted.
Containing xanthine, vitamin CG and vitamin B3, the primer has a lightweight texture that absorbs quickly and is non-sticky and non-greasy.