Forewings broad with prominent venation
, held steeply tectiform, veins not reticulate, transverse veins absent in costal area; long impair CuA (Fig.
In particular, where preserved, the fossil leaf specimens were quite linear and exhibited more or less parallel venation
, apparently derived states with respect to the generally large leaves with brochidodromous venation
The wing venation
of extant king crickets, raspy crickets and weta is sparsely documented.
as in Munro (1935) and figures included here; R4+5 with setulae varying as follows: dorsally with 13-17 proximal to crossvein r-m, 11-13 distal to this crossvein; ventrally with 6-13 proximal to crossvein r-m, 0-3 setulae distal to this crossvein (n = 10).
in click-beetles (Coleoptera; Elateridae) and its significance in the taxonomy of the family.
On the reticulate venation
of the Thelypteroid ferns.
Forewing brachypterous, elytriform, with venation
caeciliusid, pterostigma wider in the middle, Rs and M almost straight, areola postica elongate, posteriorly almost reaching M3; hindwing represented by a small winglet (Fig.
SCOTT, 1985; HILL, 1990; NIJHOUT, 1991; MILLER & WENZEL, 1995; ACKERY et al., 1999; BROWER, 2000; VANE-WRIGHT, 2001; WILLMOTT, 2004; FREITAS & BROWN, 2004; WAHLBERG et al., 2005), the palpi are superficially included in the analysis of certain groups of Rhopalocera and Heterocera but referred to as an anatomical character considered close to venation
and the forelegs (HEPPNER, 1993; SCOBLE, 1995; HALL, 1999a; CRANSTON & GULLAN, 2002; VANE-WRIGHT, 2003).
Four types of venation
were observed: the mixed craspedodromous-camptodromous in Q.
(2015) diagnosed the family Meessiidae based on the following adult characters: small moths (wingspans 3-12 mm); forewing relatively slender and tapering, venation
of hindwing reduced, male genitalia symmetrical, and the long oviscapt of female genitalia with posterior apophyses nearly 3 times longer than the anterior apophyses (Regier et al.
Thorax brownish red; pronotum brown, hexagonal, with a median carina strongly marked; pronotum with anterior margin straight, lateral-anterior margins straight, lateral posterior margin slightly sinuous, posterior margin grooved; scutellum brownish with slight central concavity, tegmina castaneous, apical plexus of veins developed; hindwings hyaline with brownish venation
, vein Cu1 not thickened at base; legs brownish red; metathoracic tibia with two lateral spines (basal spine equal in size to spines in apical crown; apical spine larger than spines in apical crown); apical crown of spines on tibia consisting of two rows; basitarsus with three rows of spines covered by long setae; subungueal process present and triangular.