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Related to valine: isoleucine, histidine, serine
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  • noun

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an essential amino acid found in proteins

References in periodicals archive ?
Request TOC of this Report- Branched chain amino acids are amino acids composed of amino acids leucine, isoleucine and valine amino acids.
rats exhibited significant elevation of citric acid, valine, leucine, oleic acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid and phosphate.
The [15N]-enrichment recorded in valine of 15 days old cultures of Phormidium sp.
He is vice president of Yankee Captive Management, which is the captive management arm of Hackett, Valine & MacDonald.
Coding position c.76 was found homozygous (G) in one CTVT sample (DP10) and heterozygous (C/G) in sample (DP3) and (C/T) heterozygous in another CTVT sample (DP6), which appeared as non synonymous mutation and alter the leucine residue to valine in one case and phenylalanine in other case.
The enzymatic characterization by API-ZYM test system revealed alkaline-phosphatase, acidic-phosphatase, lipase, valine arylamidase, cystine arylamidase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, [beta]-galactosidase, leucine arylamidase, and trypsin as positive enzymes produced by S.
The plasma amino acid levels before transplantation were as follows: valine: 780 mmol/L, leucine: 950 mmol/L and isoleucine: 640 mmol/L.
The most important pathways in Alzheimer's disease included glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, methane metabolism, valine, leucine and isoleucine metabolism, pantothenate and CoA metabolism, TCA cycle, and cysteine and methionine metabolism.
During his evaluation, plasma amino acids measured by high performance liquid chromatography showed valine, >1000 [micro]mol/L (reference interval, 64-294 [micro]mol/L); leucine, 1153 [micro]mol/L (reference interval, 47-155 [micro]mol/L); isoleucine, 557 [micro]mol/L (reference interval, 31-86 [micro]mol/L); and allo-isoleucine, 146 [micro]mol/L (normal, not detected).
Amino acid g amino acid per 100 g of protein (mean [+ or -] SD) Aspartic acid 8.43 [+ or -] 0.29 Glutamic acid 16.96 [+ or -] 1.34 Serine 3.31 [+ or -] 0.17 Histidine 2.99 [+ or -] 0.09 Glycine 5.64 [+ or -] 0.49 Threonine 5.33 [+ or -] 0.34 Alanine 6.59 [+ or -] 0.41 Arginine 5.88 [+ or -] 0.13 Tyrosine 5.44 [+ or -] 0.16 Valine 4.82 [+ or -] 0.26 Phenylalanine 4.45 [+ or -] 0.12 Isoleucine 5.24 [+ or -] 0.09 Leucine 8.87 [+ or -] 0.87 Lysine 9.84 [+ or -] 0.33 Methionine 2.93 [+ or -] 0.07 Tryptophan 0.59 [+ or -] 0.004 Muscle protein content 67% Table 2.
(98 %, Sigma Aldrich, USA), diethyl ethoxymethyl-enemalonate (DEEM) (99%, Sigma Aldrich, USA), boric acid (99,8%, Dinamica, Brazil), sodium borate (99 %, Sigma Aldrich, USA), sodium azide (99%, Sigma Aldrich, USA), ethyl ether (Dinamica, Brazil) and amino acids (alanine, arginine, cysteine, isoleucine, metionine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan and valine (98-99 %, Sigma-Aldrich, USA).
Lysine, threonine, methionine (and cystine) and tryptophan are the first four limiting amino acids (AA) in diets fed to weanling pigs while valine is among the next most limiting [1,2].
These women had significantly higher postpartum levels of BCAAs (especially valine) than women with healthy pregnancies, and their circulating lipids did not return to normal levels after pregnancy.
Moreover, reactions involving amino acid metabolism seemed to be inhibited in PAD, as serine, valine, isoleucine, and leucine concentrations were increased.
We found statistically significant correlations between increased resistance to itraconazole and higher enzymatic activity of naphthyl phosphohydrolase and alpha-galactosidase; increased resistance to fluconazole and higher enzymatic activity of trypsin and beta-glucosidase; increased susceptibility to 5-fluorocytosine and higher enzymatic activity of alkaline phosphatase, valine arylamidase, trypsin and chymotrypsin; increased susceptibility to ketoconazole and higher enzymatic activity of cystine arylamidase.