Previous studies have highlighted the contribution of the anterior serratus and trapezius
muscles given their motor and stabilizing contributions on the scapula (2,19).
Deltoid (middle fibres), neck flexors and trapezius
(upper fibres) muscle strength was measured using the Oxford grading scale.
class="MsoNormalspan xml:lang="EN-GB"I have tried various ways of pain management and I recently had a Botox injection on the trapezius
muscle to stop it from contracting thus reducing the spasms on my shoulder and left arm.
* The occipital defect was covered with trapezius
flap with transverse cervicalis artery pedicle after creating a tunnel below the skin and rotating it.
RNS was performed in the following muscles: deltoid for the axillary nerve ( n = 51), trapezius
for the accessory nerve ( n = 149, both sides tested in 5 cases), abductor digiti minimi (ADM) for the ulnar nerve ( n = 110), quadriceps femoris (QUA) for the femoral nerve ( n = 25), tibialis anterior (TIB) for the common peroneal nerve ( n = 50), and orbicularis oculi (ORB) for the facial nerve ( n = 8, both sides tested in 2 cases).
Electrodes were placed on the upper and lower trapezius
; supraspinatus; infraspinatus; anterior, middle and posterior deltoid; and serratus anterior muscles.
Using distant pedicled flaps such as trapezius
, pectoralis or latissimus dorsi flaps has an advantage of effective and durable coverage with relatively easier procedure.
There was no main difference between DN of TrPs of upper trapezius
muscles and DN of TrPs plus paraspinal muscles (p<0.05) but using Cohen's d, DN of TrPs of upper trapezius
plus paraspinal muscle produced small effect (not significant) but in favor of the DN TrPs plus paraspinal muscles.
The reason for cueing the patient specifically to lift the acromion rather than just the scapula, is that this promotes upwards rotation due to upper trapezius
If so, the likely culprits are your trapezius
muscles ("traps")--broad, triangular muscles at the back of your neck that extend over your upper shoulders and down to your mid-back.
The shoulder complex consists of prime movers such as the upper trapezius
(UT), pectoralis major (PM), and middle deltoid (MD), and these muscles are often targeted in training programs to increase muscle power and hypertrophy (Kolber et al., 2009).
Graham was taken to hospital and diagnosed with 'cervical neck concussion' following pain in his subscapularis, large muscle located under the shoulder-joint and the trapezius
muscle, one of the major muscles used for moving, rotating and extending the head at the neck.
There was no atrophy of the back muscle, and contraction of the trapezius
Finally, it transverses the posterior triangle of the neck, superficial to the prevertebral fascia, and terminates with its branches in the deep surface of the trapezius
Also, NMES was applied to supraspinatus, upper trapezius
, and posterior deltoid muscles of the hemiplegic side for 60 min/session in a day, and five days a week for four weeks (a total of 20 sessions).