The chapter on transubstantiation
and forgetting convincingly traces the ways in which medieval reinterpretations of Aristotle's Metaphysics provided the basis for an explanation of the physical mechanisms involved in transubstantiation
(the transformation of the bread and wine of the Eucharist into the body and blood of Christ, while retaining the outward appearance of bread and wine) and also provided a basis for alchemical theories about the possibility of transforming any metal into gold.
Chapter three examines the ties between Hume's work and Tillotson's sermon on transubstantiation
. Noting Hume's remarks that Tillotson's argument was "decisive" and that he had "discovered an argument of a like nature," George lays out Tillotson's argument shows the many parallels to Hume's discussion of miracles.
presents readers with a veritable confrontation between Lonergan and Chauvet on the proper understanding of the relationship between metaphysics and sacramental theology, and, more narrowly, transubstantiation
(1) The images transformation into bread reiterates what the previous testing--by stabbing, nailing, boiling, and baking--of the consecrated Host by the play's Jews has demonstrated, namely the truth of the doctrine of transubstantiation
, that at the moment of consecration in the mass, the substance of the obley becomes the body of Christ.
On the one hand, we find talk of saints and believers, the divine, transubstantiation
, and brief--almost quipped--lines of apparent prayer and direct address to the "Lord." On the other hand, we find straight-out declarations of stark negation.
A disbelief in transubstantiation
casts the priest's consecration as a magic trick, as hocus pocus, not a sacramental tenet.
Guilbeau's comments on my little monograph on Thomas Aquinas ("Divine Doctors," Winter 2013/14), I am unimpressed by his criticism that I failed to emphasize Thomas's doctrine of transubstantiation
when addressing his views on the Eucharist.
Boas stated in The Cambridge History of English Literature (1918) "beneath its apparently jocular exterior, it veils an extraordinarily dextrous attack upon the doctrine of transubstantiation
and the persecution by which it was enforced." (4) In an influential reading, however, this position was attacked by David Bevington who believed that the epilogue (that makes this reading explicit) was a non-authorial addition and read the prologue's disavowals of topical relevance as genuine: "The playwright [is] aware that his innocent fun may be forced into topical meaning and his disclaimers cynically ignored.
Nevertheless, the text was not about historical linguistics, it pursued a religious objective: prove the effective existence of an ancient faith and practice of the Church of England, especially concerning transubstantiation
The Trinity and transubstantiation
, just to name a couple.
The two traditions resonate regarding the eucharist as a mystery and favoring the term "change," over "transubstantiation
." Instead, the book ends rather abruptly, without a preview of future eucharistic controversies and their ecumenical impact.
As a matter of fact, however, transubstantiation
is not a doctrine but a theory proposed to explain the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist.
Medieval debates about the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist emerged as early as the ninth century; in the eleventh century Berengar of Tours had raised the question of how the accidents of bread/wine remain after the consecration; and the term 'transubstantiation
' was already in use by the mid-twelfth century.
This is known as transubstantiation
, a theological term used by Latin (Western) Christians, and it is a central belief of the Roman Catholic Church.
As Thunderbird, a dime of crack, the body's Transubstantiation