Diphtheria antitoxin is recommended for respiratory infections caused by toxigenic
For a number of clinically important reasons, enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) replaced cytotoxin neutralization and toxigenic
cultures as the preferred diagnostics for CDI.
Both patients with toxigenic
infection experienced wound healing after appropriate antibiotic therapy.
Among the fungal isolates, declared toxigenic
or mycotoxin producing based on TLC were Aspergillus flavus in nature.
In addition, the strains harboring toxin genes (ctxAB) are the only producers of the toxin and are known as toxigenic
The emergence of toxigenic
fungi on small grains has a negative impact on the safety and quality of feed and food.
The variation in the nature of Aspergillus flavus strains (toxigenic
and non-toxigenic) might be associated with genetic differences among strains.
Nevertheless, if thermohygrometric conditions are favorable to the settlement of toxigenic
moulds, they could compete with fungal starters and then grow on the surface during ripening.
An important biocontrol strategy is to introduce an atoxigenic strain to the crop environment to compete with toxigenic
strain [19, 20].
(2013) emphasize the importance of knowledge of biodiversity of toxigenic
fungi to better understand factors that contribute to mycotoxin production, assessment of risks posed by mycotoxigenic fungi, and reduction of mycotoxin contamination in feed and food crops.
Cell culture cytotoxicity assay, toxigenic
culture, Enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for the detection of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) enzyme, toxins A and B and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) have been the mainstay in the laboratory diagnosis of C.
coli clinical trial follows the prior clinical trials for its Staph ID/R (identification/resistance) blood sepsis diagnostic test as well as its US FDA-cleared Toxigenic
Their topics include mixed microbial fermentations and methodologies for investigating them, methods of cocoa fermentation and drying, microbial activities during cocoa fermentation, the quality and safety of cocoa beans, agro-industrial uses of cocoa by-products, the botany and production of coffee, microbial activity during coffee fermentation, metabolic responses of coffee beans during processing and their impact on coffee flavor, toxigenic
fungi and mycotoxins in coffee, and managing and utilizing wastes from coffee processing.
A previous study, also carried out at GSH but employing an enzyme-immunoassay (EIA)-based technique, determined a prevalence of 9.2% for toxigenic
difficile is still not widely used in tertiary hospitals in Brazil, despite the known emergence of toxigenic