threonine


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  • noun

Words related to threonine

a colorless crystalline amino acid found in protein

References in periodicals archive ?
As follows from our previous data (10), O-glycosylation of the threonine 71 residue, located close to the proBNP cleavage site, has a pronounced suppressive effect on the processing efficiency and should be considered when studying proBNP processing (Fig.
Free amino aeids.--Saturated amino acid solutions were made by dissolving solid serine, cysteine, tyrosine, threonine, asparagine, glutamine, lysine, histidine, and glycine in 10 mM aqueous ammonium acetate.
(38) Like serine and tyrosine, threonine is recognized as a proteinogenic (protein building) amino acid, (39) and is recognized for its role in the formation of collagen and elastin.
Because phosphorylation of endothelial NOS (eNOS) is an important posttranslational regulatory mechanism for its activity, in this study we investigated the effects of VOS[O.sub.4] on the phosphoryation of threonine (Thr) residues of eNOS, which would inhibit its enzymatic activity.
In addition, new programs in protein engineering (37) of subtilisin BPN' (3,38-50) and hemoglobin (7,51-56) were carried out as well as detailed structural investigations of a number of enzymes that included ribonuclease (57-64), several glutathione S-transferases (6,65-82), uracil DNA glycosylase (8,83-84), threonine deaminase (85-86), and nucleoside diphosphosphate transferase (87-88).
Using site-directed mutagenesis techniques, R163 was mutated to a lysine (R163K), which is the corresponding residue in rat and mouse TSs, respectively, and a threonine (R163T), which is the corresponding residue in E.
For example, GCC spells alanine in the cell's language, while ACC spells threonine. Each protein gene also has a starting codon--the letters ATG--and one of three different three-letter stop signs--TGA, TAG, or TAA.
Animal feed additives will continue to account for over 60 percent of demand based on quantity needs of livestock and poultry breeders and the increasing availability of high value-added formulations such as liquid methionine, high-density threonine and lysine/tryptophan combinations.
The last of these was threonine, isolated in 1935 by the American biochemist William Cumming Rose (1887-1985).
Wurtman is concerned about threonine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, because these three amino acids are converted by the body into neurotransmitters--chemicals that carry messages from one nerve cell to another.
The SID of lysine, threonine, cysteine and glycine in SBM from China tended to be greater than in SBM from Brazil (p<0.10).
Whereas late storage samples contained high amounts of amino acids [alanine valine threonine (-amino-butyric acid / GABA)] and some glucosinolates (glucobrassicin neoglucobrassicin).
The commercial availability of threonine (Thr) in poultry breeding has provided diet formulation of broilers with lower crude protein (CP) levels than those normally employed by the industry.
Protein phosphorylation is a post-translational modification of proteins in which a serine, a threonine, and/or tyrosine residue are phosphorylated by a protein kinase.
In 2010, the production plant in Inner Mongolia started threonine production with an annual production capacity of 10,000 tonnes.