An equation similar to Eq 6 is found for the limiting case of thin pipe
The reason files sounded so bad has got to do with bandwidth--the ability to send over thin pipes
. The movie and TV industries were laughing, believing their content was unstealable, not realizing that as soon as we got fat pipes, they'd be in trouble.
The ice wall would freeze the ground to a depth of up to 30 meters (100 feet) through an electrical system of thin pipes
carrying a coolant as cold as minus 40 degrees Celsius (minus 40 Fahrenheit).
On the downstream, the access deals with traffic from one "big pipe" dumping high volumes toward end users who have relatively thin pipes
. The access must identify and distribute the traffic over a much narrower connection, in order to deliver services to many end users, each with unique service profiles.
Open systems uses a few fat pipes and mainframes use many thin pipes
. On the open systems side, FC can move data at 1Gbit.