p-Value for the influence of group, time and their interactions on biochemical parameters in the natural cold environment Item GLU TRI T3 T4 FSH LH E2 Group (1) 0.14 0.61 0.00 0.00 0.002 0.001 0.09 Time (2) 0.00 0.00 0.997 0.00 0.00 0.003 0.00 Group x time 0.002 0.03 0.52 0.002 0.00 0.004 0.03 GLU, glucose; TRI, triglycerides; T3, triiodothyronine; T4, tetraiodothyronine
; FSH, follicle-stimulating hormone; LH, luteinizing hormone; E2, estradiol; RIR, Rhode Island Red; BS, Bashang Long-tail chicken; RMBF, RIR males cross BS females; RFBM, RIR females cross BS males.
Fasting plasma insulin (FINS) concentration, serum level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) concentration, free tetraiodothyronine
(FT4) concentration, and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAB) concentration were measured by electrochemiluminescence analyzer (Roche Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland).
Thyroxin replacement is recommended in the form of intravenous (IV) tetraiodothyronine
(T4), mainly to avoid poor gastrointestinal absorption.
Abbreviations TSH: Thyroid-stimulating hormone T3: Triiodothyronine T4: Thyroxine or Tetraiodothyronine
SERCA: Sarco-/endoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase ATPase: Adenosine 5 -triphosphatase NYHA: New York Heart Association.
For example, the homeostasis of parathyroid hormone is disturbed by BDE-47 via decreasing the concentration of triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine
(T4) in the blood serum of human or mouse .
The blood samples were collected, followed by their analysis for triiodothyronine (T), tetraiodothyronine
(T) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).
[41.] Colantuoni A, Marchiafava PL, Lapi D, Forini FS, Iervasi G (2005) Effects of tetraiodothyronine
and triiodothyronine on hamster cheek pouch microcirculation.
Glucosinolates and their hydrolytic products are commonly referred to as goitrogens and presence of glucosinolates in the diets leads to hypothyroidism in animals, reducing the level of thyroid hormones and alters the ratio between triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine
(T4) in blood (Bell et al., 1991).
The follicular cells produce thyroid hormones (triiodothyronine T3 and tetraiodothyronine
T4) which have important effects on cell proliferation differentiation and migration as well as general growth and metabolism of embryos (Krees et al.
Deiodinases type 1 and 2 (D1 and D2) catalyze the activation of tetraiodothyronine
([T.sub.4]) to triiodothyronine ([T.sub.3]) and D1 and D3 inactivate [T.sub.4] to reverse [T.sub.3] or [T.sub.3] to [T.sub.2] [2, 6, 7].
This gland secrets two major hormones, named Tetraiodothyronine
or the same Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3).