tRNA


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Related to tRNA: rRNA, suppressor tRNA
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  • noun

Synonyms for tRNA

RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)

References in periodicals archive ?
The two mitogenomes both consisted of 13 typical vertebrate protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, 2 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes and one putative control region, which were similar to other vertebrate mitogenomes.
Pearl oyster Pinctada fucata martensii encoded a set of 21 tRNA, including two copies of [tRNA.sup.Leu], two copies of [tRNA.sup.Trp], and no copies of [tRNA.sup.Ile].
A similar class division exists for amino acids, and Carter and Wills have argued that the same class division must apply to tRNAs. In other words, they propose that at the dawn of life on Earth, organisms contained just two types of tRNA, which would have worked with two types of synthetases to perform gene-to-protein translation using just two different kinds of amino acids.
Biogenesis and function of tRNA fragments during sperm maturation and fertilization in animals.
Searle, "Conservation of tRNA and rRNA 5-methylcytosine in the kingdom Plantae," BMC Plant Biology, vol.
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes for 22 tRNA genes, one for each of 20 amino acids, and two for tRNA Leu (UUR and CUN codons) and tRNA Ser (UCN and AGY codons); the products of these tRNA are necessary for the correct functioning of mitochondria [3].
L272R) variant of unknown significance (VUS) in the glycyl tRNA synthetase (GARS) gene was also confirmed.
Binase [sup.1]H NMR-spectra in an aqueous solution that contained chlorides of transition ([Mn.sup.2+]) and nontransition metals ([Mg.sup.2+], [Zn.sup.2+]), as well as tRNA that contained [Mn.sup.2+] in aqueous solution, were recorded on a NMR spectrometer AVANCE III-700 (700 MHz, Bruker, Germany), equipped with a quad cryogenic sensor ([sup.1]H, [sup.13]C, [sup.15]N,and [sup.31]P) CryoProbe.
The particles in the intact classes were then separated into four more classes, which showed two classes with strong RNA density while the other two did not have any tRNA densities corresponding to tRNA.
Recent data suggests that miR-1274A probably is a fragment from the 3' end of Lys tRNA ([tRNA.sup.Lys5]) [28].
In this paper, I use recent advances in news analytics to examine the effect of investor attention on share repurchase outcomes and explain managerial "cheap talk." To measure investor attention, I calculate the amount of firm-specific news items in a recently developed news analytics product: The Thomson Reuters News Analytics (TRNA).
We begin by identifying, prior to each month t, all stocks j = 1,..., [J.sup.i] that were co-mentioned with stock i in a news story in the Thomson-Reuters News Analytics (TRNA) dataset (having first removed news stories that would randomly group firms together) in the preceding three (or six or 12) months.
The codons in mRNA are recognized by tRNA molecules which contain a 3-base sequence complementary to a codon and called an anticodon.
Post-transcriptional RNA modifications are present in many types of RNAs including ribosomal RNA (rRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and others.
The DNAs of wild type and Tyr83 and Trp120 mutant streptavidin and DNA of the tRNA having four-base anticodon and BODIPY-FL-aminophenylalanyl-pdCpA were obtained from laboratory of Professor Hohsaka of Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST).