As I have argued elsewhere, it is likely that Apuleius also takes his cue from Plutarch De Iside et Osiride in his syncretizing
, Platonizing presentation of Isis and Osiris.
The first is from 1434 to 1440 and comprises her youthful writings, especially her humanistic letterbook; the second period of 1441 to 1449 is described as an intellectual awakening that is manifested through her attempts at syncretizing
classical, biblical, and patristic texts previously unknown to her; the last period comprises the years 1450 to 1461 and is characterized by her literary experimentation and syncretism of pagan and Christian thought (9).
Here again, Hurston observes the African syncretizing
with other cultural traditions to create something new, only possible perhaps in the hybrid environment of America.
The result of this incorporation was the Compendium, syncretizing
Manichaeism, Madzaism, Buddhism and Daoism, all the religions of the 'Silk Road'.
She observes the attempt to contextualize and reclaim cultural authenticity for Christianity as an Asian religion through syncretizing
(or indigenization or inculturation) the faith with Asian cultural norms.
These involve not just class or status privileges and the relationships of language to citizenship and to culture, but also how (or whether) national communities, multilingualism, and polylingualism interrelate with culture and politics, how "alterity" fits within "multiculturality" or "hybridity," not to mention the oft-heard questions about colonialism and postcolonialism, decolonizing of consciousness, globalization as civilizing or hegemonizing, syncretizing
or homogenizing, "liberation" as self-realization (self-development or perhaps transcendent Self-realization) or as merely awareness of self as both subject and other, and so on.
The earliest churches as powerful syncretizing
forces in the world of late antiquity also had definite agendas of their own that gave an edge and an unusual power to their brand of monotheism built around the gospel.
While in previous centuries the primary challenge for Judaism had been the fight against idolatry, in the epoch dealt with here, Judaism was fighting to retain its uniqueness amidst syncretizing
, converging civilizations and religions.