Editors Stewart and Strathern (anthropology, University of Pittsburgh) select articles in which, for the most part, the authors study the syncretization
of Christianity with traditional religious beliefs.
Buddhism attained popular acceptance by undergoing syncretization
via the inclusion of magic and indigenous shamanism (27).
There developed multiple, continually changing combinations of many cultural themes and tropes brought together from different cultures around the world, as well as new patterns of syncretization
between different cultural traditions, so aptly analyzed by Ulf Hannerz (1996:1999).
Flowers examples the New World phenomena of syncretization
and creolization or cultural blending that is evidenced throughout the African diaspora; for example, Santeria/ Lucumi in Cuba, Vodun/Voodoo in Haiti, and Obeah in Trinidad.
Many scholars may explain sociocultural hybridization in modern Thai history through sets of keywords, such as 'selective modernization' for Siam's civilizing project since the nineteenth century or 'religious syncretization
' for the complex religious transformation which followed the emergence of the kingdom of Sukhothai in the thirteenth century.
By asserting that the various traditions interface in a dynamic way without erasing the other to create a homogenous culture, Nation Dance moves the discussion a step beyond the creolization and syncretization
models of understanding Caribbean cultures.
As Croft (1990: 71) puts it, syncretization
(morphological and categorial syncretization
, in this case) coincides with unmarkedness.
Unlike other scholars who have emphasized the acculturation of different ethnic groups into a white-Protestant-middle-class culture, Pleck insists on the range of ethnic adaptations of mainstream celebrations, ranging "from direct imitation, to syncretization
, to the creation of new rituals masquerading as ancient ones." While others argue for an increasingly thorough and rapid process of cultural homogenization, Pleck finds that the last four decades of the twentieth century were marked by the emergence of new and revised ethnic rituals, sparked by the Black Freedom Movement and the revival of large-scale immigration into the United States after 1965.
European theologians have suggested that there is a danger of the syncretization
of Christianity and African Traditional Religion in the indigenous churches, and regrettably, some African theologians have themselves made similar observations.
One theory is that the Holy Week rituals in the southwestern United States stem from the syncretization
of Catholic and Jewish traditions.
He suggests that Japan is an outstanding example of the particularization of the universal because of "its very long and successful history of selective incorporation and syncretization
of ideas from other cultures in such a way as to particularize the universal and, so to say, return the product of that process to the world as a uniquely Japanese contribution to the universal."(34) This can be seen as an example of the universalization of the particular, namely that Japan offers a "unique geocultural or geomoral contribution(s) to world history."(35) The fast-food enterprise, that particularly American cultural artifact, has been universalized.
Rather than taking all these systems of interpretation and painting a new picture of organizational change from a new dominant perspective, the syncretic approach can be used to weave a multidimensional interpretative tapestry which expresses Polkinghorne's (1983) five principles of syncretization
Other than syncretization
, we do not learn what effects the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1978) has had on their religions.