We envisaged the tagging process as a projection of undesirable features and an outlet for the aggression of the stigmatizer
In turn, the psychosocial aspect emphasizes the contextual and dynamic nature of stigma and its immediate effects in the perspective of stigmatizer
, stigmatized, and the interaction between them (10).
These are issues that have not been sufficiently explained by individual-level theorizing that locates the mechanisms of, and responses to, stigmatization somewhere inside the stigmatizer
and the stigmatized (Dovidio, Major, & Crocker, 2000; Stangor & Crandell, 2000; Link & Phelan, 2001).
Another characteristic of the stigma observed refers to separation between stigmatized and stigmatizers
, or according to the analysis, between "us" and "them" (10).
Stigmatization is composed of multiple elements: individual or group traits are identified, labeled and related to negative stereotypes; identity distinctions are established by stigmatizers
between "us and them"; stigmatized individuals or groups are discriminated, which leads to various types of social disadvantages.
88) See generally Peter Byrne, Stigma of Mental Illness and Ways of Diminishing It, 6 Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 65 (2000) (stating "[a]ny list of stigmatizers