Electrodes were fixed in the middle point of the venter of each sternocleidomastoid
muscle, longitudinally regarding their fibers [12,13,15], four centimeters below the mastoid process, in order to avoid that fibers of the platysma muscle could create interferences .
The anterolateral left cervical region after neck dissection with preservation of the spinal accessory nerve, internal jugular vein and sternocleidomastoid
(7) The third pouch sinus then courses superiorly through the thyrohyoid membrane cranial to the superior laryngeal nerve, posterior to the carotid vessels, and deep to the sternocleidomastoid
(12) If the sternocleidomastoid
muscle on the right is inhibited (and related to a suspected cervical joint dysfunction and headache), a challenge of the C6 vertebra from lateral to medial may immediately strengthen the sternocleidomastoid
The differential diagnosis includes branchial cyst (3rd) as it is found lower in the neck anterior to the sternocleidomastoid
and is congenitally present.
Methodology: The sternocleidomastoid
muscle was removed from its attachment to the clavicle and mastoid process.
She was not referred to physical therapy, which could have initiated BPPV, and it was noted that Botox[R] injection was performed into both sternocleidomastoid
, trapezius and occasionally paravertebral muscles, in appropriate dosages applied by the neurologists in the erect sitting position that is not expected to provoke otoconial displacement.
muscle  is rich in its vascularity from occipital artery from its upper third, superior thyroid artery in its mid portion and transverse cervical artery inferiorly.
ASA: American Society of Anesthesiologist BSCPB: Bilateral superficial cervical plexus block IASP: International Association for the Study of Pain IM: Intramuscular IV: Intravenous GA: General anesthesia MAP: Mean arterial pressure NRS: Numeric rating scale NS: Not statistically significant NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs PACU: Postanesthesia care unit PONV: Postoperative nausea and vomiting PR: Pulse rate PCA: Patient-controlled analgesia SBP: Systolic blood pressure SCM: Sternocleidomastoid
muscle SCPB: Superficial cervical plexus block SD: Standard deviation SPO2: Saturation VAS: Visual Analogue Scale WHO: World Heath Organization.
Furthermore, the incised retropharyngeal abscess cavity was connected by a small fistula to a second cervical abscess, medial to the sternocleidomastoid
It occurs deep to sternocleidomastoid
(SCM) muscle and lies on the great vessels.
The SAN branches off passing deep into the posterior belly of the digastric muscle to supply the sternocleidomastoid
. Finally, it transverses the posterior triangle of the neck, superficial to the prevertebral fascia, and terminates with its branches in the deep surface of the trapezius muscle.
There was no tenderness to palpation of bilateral sternocleidomastoid
The reflex terminates at the sternocleidomastoid
muscle (SCM) [11, 13].
Axial ultrasound images of patient revealing presence of intraluminal calcification (arrow) at level of bifurcation of left common carotid artery (a) without and (b) SCM: Sternocleidomastoid
muscle; ICA: Internal carotid artery; ECA: External carotid artery; V: Internal jugular vein.