Overall, participants did not evaluate the sexual behaviors and characteristics of the woman portrayed in the vignette differently depending on whether she was Black or White, which may reflect a modern era trend as individuals in the United States have come to view Blacks in less stereotyped
ways over the past few decades (Schneider, 2004).
Studies in applied linguistics also tend to overlook the fact that stereotypes incorporate emotions and attitudes and that they can influence people's intentions and actions toward a stereotyped
Ethnic stereotyping has a fundamental problem when it comes to how much people rely on them to base their behavior and reaction to members of the stereotyped
Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate how Chinese people are stereotyped
and how China's relationship to the United States is perceived by American college students.
Among the frequent answers to the second question were "folklore, wars, Hitler, beer, ties through family and/or friends, Olympics, classical music, food, Nazism"; also, the students provided several "stereotyped
national traits" unspecified by the author.
stereotypes, which apply to all or nearly all members of the stereotyped
Muslims are stereotyped
as being terrorists and fundamentalists.
The literature suggests that women are more likely to feel threatened by stereotyped
cues activated in STEM classrooms (e.g., Cheryan et al., 2009), but they may also possess a general avoidance orientation related to STEM-based courses that can exacerbate the effects of stereotype threat in a given class.
Blatant presentation of positive stereotypical information about one's group increases anxiety about meeting the high expectations imposed by the stereotype (Beilock & Carr, 2005), whereas members of the negatively stereotyped
group perceive the stereotype as an imposed constraint limiting freedom of choice and action (Brehm).
Being reminded of a negative stereotype - say, girls are bad at maths - can make the stereotyped
group choke under pressure, a process called stereotype threat.
It provides evidence that gender stereotypes can influence evaluation of new venture ideas, and highlights the need for additional research to better understand how, and under what circumstances, gender may act as a basis for differential evaluation of stereotyped
business artifacts such as new venture ideas.
Washington, May 9 ( ANI ): They have been stereotyped
as a 'model minority' but when they fail to conform to common racial stereotypes, like being non-dominant, even people of East Asian descent are "unwelcome and unwanted by their co-workers," according to a new study.
Within this new and current frame, various hypothesis will be tested: (a) The speed in reading the items (very short) won't influence RTs significantly; (b) The levels of internal consistency will be satisfactory, both from an absolute point of view (ranging from 0 to 1) and from a comparative point of view (considered in relation to other similar tests of implicit association); (c) RTs will be shorter for stereotyped
stimuli (items considered as more suitable for one sex than for the other) than for neutral stimuli; (d) The new assessment instrument will enable distinction, according to RT, between stereotyped
answers to stereotyped
activities (typical of females or males) and non stereotyped
answers (assigning to one sex an activity that is socially considered of the other sex).
Given the growing influence China has in global economy and politics, it would be interesting to investigate how Chinese people are stereotyped
by people of other countries, particularly Americans.
For instance, African-American workers can be stereotyped
as being unintelligent, loud, poor, and criminal (McAndrew & Akande, 1995); however, there are also many positive stereotypes, such as athletic and musical (Devine & Elliot, 1995).