sputum smear


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Related to sputum smear: Sputum culture
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  • noun

Synonyms for sputum smear

any of several cytologic smears obtained from different parts of the lower respiratory tract

References in periodicals archive ?
The classification of tuberculosis patients can also be in accordance with the grading of pretreatment sputum smear results on diagnosis.
Sputum smear microscopy was negative in all patients after completion of the intensive phase and remained negative until completion of treatment.
Many sputum smear negative patients are reported to have progressive disease.13,14 Previous reports in non-immune compromised patients with sputum sputum-scarce TB indicated that bronchoscope specimens and post bronchoscope sputum are helpful in establishing the diagnosis.9,15 Superiority of Gene Xpert in immunocompromised patients to detect TB as compared to microscopy is debatable.
While older age, higher sputum smear grading at baseline and previous FLD treatment outcome were the factors associated with poor treatment outcomes.
After getting ethical clearance, all patients who are above 14 years of age having cough along with expectoration for more than two weeks with clinical and radiological evidence of PTB along with sputum smear for AFB tested negative between October 2014 and July 2016 were taken for study.
Diagnosis of PTB was made by an expert physician and was based on sputum smear microscopy and radiography.
Records were collected in terms of age, gender, contact with TB, vaccination with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), albumin, body mass index (BMI), smoking and alcohol intake, presenting complaints, sputum smear and culture, range of TB disease, lung cavity and its range, course of TB, history of TB treatment, comorbidity, etc.
The most common and definitive diagnosis method remains sputum smear microscopy in which stained sputum smear specimens are examined under a microscope for detecting the presence of bacillus.
The aim of the current study was to assess burden of sputum smear positive results as measured by AFB smears in Gambella (western Ethiopia) Regional Hospital in the last two consecutive years (mid 2013 to 2015).
Florescence microscopy was done after fluorochrome staining following standard protocols and bacteria found graded according to the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD)/WHO for reporting the sputum smear microscopy results [11].
The change in bacterial infection status of sputum of patients from initial Acid-Fast Bacilli (AFB) positive to negative after treatment is referred to as sputum smear conversion (SSC).
[5] Sputum testing by the Xpert MTB/RIF test may enable quicker diagnosis and earlier treatment initiation than sputum smear microscopy.
[2] RNTCP recommends periodic sputum smear microscopy during the course of treatment to monitor patient progress and to assess overall program performance.