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Blood pressure measurement: Part II--conventional sphygmomanometry: technique of auscultatory blood pressure measurement.
SBP values of healthy control dogs and dogs with PDH were measured by Doppler sphygmomanometry. For dogs with PDH, SBP was measured before commencement of treatment.
Brachial blood pressure was obtained using standard sphygmomanometry with the subject in the sitting position.
Two studies assessed arterial blood pressure (manual sphygmomanometry) at rest and during the final stage of maximum graded exercise in adults with DM (BMI [approximately equal to] 32kg x [m.sup.-2]) and controls (BMI [approximately equal to] 26kg x [m.sup.-2]) [12, 13].
Aortic stiffness index was calculated from aortic diameters measured by echocardiography and blood pressures simultaneously measured by sphygmomanometry. Ascending aorta diameters were measured in the two dimensional (2D) parasternal long axis view at 3 cm above the aortic valve.
ABC of Hypertension: Blood pressure measurement: Part I: Sphygmomanometry: Factors common to all techniques.
b Sphygmomanometry and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c)
In developed countries, screening for hypertension is strongly recommended in adults aged 21 years and older using standard office sphygmomanometry. This correlates with intra-arterial measurements and is predictive of cardiovascular risk (13).
Brachial SBP and DBP were determined on the right arm by manual auscultation and aneroid sphygmomanometry every 2 minutes during rest (minutes 1, 3, and 5) and exercise, just prior to peak exercise, and during recovery, i.e., minutes 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, and 15 minutes of recovery.
"Traditional office sphygmomanometry for blood pressure measurement provides only a snapshot, and may not accurately reflect a patient's blood pressure in the real world and in real time.
Aortic strain (AS) and aortic distensibility (AD) were calculated from the aortic diameters measured using M-mode echocardiography and blood pressure obtained by sphygmomanometry. Independent samples "t" test, Chisquare test and Spearman correlation test were used for statistical analysis.
After adjustment for age, sex, race, mean arterial pressure by mercury sphygmomanometry, and lipids, patients with type 1 diabetes had a significantly thicker internal cIMT, compared with controls (mean, 0.56 mm vs.