Smoking, pregnancy, certain medications and obesity can contribute to a more consistent weakening of the sphincter
The repair of longitudinal disruption of the urethral sphincter
was made by primary reconstruction with interrupted sutures using approximation technique (R.
augmentation with the LINX device for gastroesophageal reflux disease after U.
The disease is the result of a defective barrier between the esophagus and stomach called the esophageal sphincter
Materials and Methods: Two hundred healthy female patients with no history of anal sphincter
injury, aged between 18 and 70 years were included in the study The participants were divided into 4 groups according to their menopausal stages and mode of delivery; premenopausal (group 1) and postmenopausal (group 2) vaginal delivery, and premenopausal (group 3) and postmenopausal (group 4) cesarean section.
Missouri researchers used endoscopies to dilate the LES and administer Botox, paralyzing sphincter
muscles that formerly remained closed.
Six key structures may be involved in perineal injury: the anorectal mucosa, internal anal sphincter
, external anal sphincter
, vaginal wall and perineal skin, bulbocavernosus muscle, and transverse perineal muscles.
As such surgery should be avoided since anal sphincter
repair is very difficult.
There is a potential for increased risk of pancreatitis not associated with sphincter
of Oddi spasm; such events were reported in less than 1% of patients receiving VIBERZI in clinical trials, and the majority were associated with excessive alcohol intake.
GERD results from a weak lower esophageal sphincter
that allows harmful gastric fluid to reflux into the esophagus, resulting in both pain and injury to the esophageal lining.
Obstetric anal sphincter
injuries (OASIS) after vaginal delivery can affect a woman's physical and mental health, as well as future pregnancies.
The following data were extracted: sphincter
injury details, suture choice, repair technique, and details of surgeons performing the repair.
Fistula surgery is the primary cause of post-operative incontinence, typically resulting from inadvertent injury to either the internal or external sphincter
1] In this group, the 5-, 10- and 15-year cumulative rates of insertion of an artificial urinary sphincter
(AUS) or male urethral sling were 2.
dysynergia (DSD) is a consequence of a neurological pathology such as spinal injury (Karsenty, 2005) or multiple sclerosis (Stankovich et al.