Pairing the children in this way yielded two groups of children whose main difference was whether their parents had spanked
them, effectively accounting for other factors that could plausibly influence the behaviour of both parent and child.
Table 2 Characteristics of Parents Who Hit/Spanked
and Who Never Hit/ Spanked
Their Children Characteristics N M SD t P d Child development knowledge (ACT-PRSK) Never hit/spanked
IQs of children ages 2 to 4 who were not spanked
were 5 points higher four years later than the IQs of those who were spanked
At age 5 years, 52% of the children were spanked
by their mothers and 33% by their fathers.
That figure may seem low, particularly since about half of the US population recalls being spanked
in childhood, but nevertheless shows that physical punishment can raise the risk of problems later on, experts said.
A second reason is that spanking is both physically and emotionally painful for children, and the pain and fear children experience when being spanked
can interfere with their ability to listen to and comply with parents' commands.
Three other pervasive methodological issues warrant brief mention: (1) same-source bias, (2) confounding ineffectiveness with spanking frequency, and (3) the fact that very few studies have compared spanked
children with never-spanked
Sometimes they want to be spanked
because it happened at school.
Don't feel that because you were spanked
or hit by your parents it is the only acceptable form of punishment for your child.
When parents are loving and firm and communicate well with the child," Baumrind noted, "the children are exceptionally competent and well adjusted, whether or not their parents spanked
them as preschoolers.
I wonder how many gang members and criminals were spanked
and learned the consequences when they were young.
Can you imagine being spanked
so hard that you travelled at 201kph?
GOLF ace Paul Casey spanked
the Yanks with a hole-in-one yesterday - then got a spank himself from his stunning American girlfriend.
WAGNER: Did you ever see any women get spanked
with a security sign at any of these meetings?
In fact, she tells us in the book's introduction that two of the book's authors have spanked
her, although she does not divulge which ones.