Management of lactating sows during heat stress: Effects of water drip, snout coolers, floor type and a high energy-density diet.
Productivity and behavior of sows on level and sloped farrowing pens and crates.
Thus, sows in crates necessarily farrow without the possibility to build a nest, resulting in an increase in stress levels and welfare issues.
However, higher frequency of NB behaviour was associated with sows housed in pens provided with straw than in pens without straw (Burne et al.
The care and use of all sows
in this experiment were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of the Institute of Animal Sciences, Institutional Animal Care and Ethics.
The study was performed in a pig farm with 5500 sows
located in Santa Catarina state, Brazil (26[degrees]22'13" south and 50[degrees]08'40" west).
To improve the performance of our sows
, we have worked closely with the ABN team to get nutrition right.
Specifically, it covers the preparation of SOWs
which correlate to the acquisition life cycle phases identified in the DoD Instruction 5000.
Stalls or crates--The crate is the most common system in the United States based on the number of sows
For crossfostering to be successful, SOWS
must farrow within 24 hours of each other.
With the European Pigs Directive up for review shortly, compassion in World Farming is campaigning for a ban on the cruel sow
stalls throughout the whole of Europe.
were weighed and introduced to their lactation diets, beginning from d 109 of gestation and were provided with 2.
A large part of the contribution to nonproductive days is failing to breed sows
that could be bred.
All aluminum ingots and sows
are merely unrisered castings and, as such, will contain a probable zone of sponge shrink or even a shrinkage cavity that may contain moisture.
In modern pig industry maintaining optimal body condition of high producing sows
has become an issue of considerable importance due to the economic pressure to achieve best production targets (Whittemore, 1996; Maes et al.