While the berry industry has been very successful in recent decades, it now faces new challenges, such as invasive pests and the phaseout of the soil fumigant
In an effort to avoid jumping from the frying pan into the fire, the EPA is conducting a soil fumigant
cluster risk assessment for methyl bromide, chloropicrin, 1,3-D, metam sodium, dazomet, and iodomethane.
In March 2012, after a decade seeking regulatory approval for the soil fumigant
methyl iodide, Arysta LifeScience withdrew it from the United States and other markets.
One approach to coping with loss of methyl bromide as a soil fumigant
in commercial strawberry and vegetable fields is to use a special plastic covering called a "virtually impermeable film," or VIF.
Currently, soil fumigants
are usually applied under standard polyethylene tarp, which is highly permeable and allows large amounts of fumigants to escape into the atmosphere (Gao et al.
And it could serve as an alternative to methyl bromide and other soil fumigants
typically used to sterilize old orchards before planting new trees.
While these were helpful in preventing pest outbreaks, and are still widely used today, increased use of soil fumigants
since the 1950s has provided additional rapid, effective and inexpensive pest management.
There will be fewer and fewer chemicals in the future," says Sjulin, noting the impending loss of methyl bromide and possibly other important soil fumigants
6: Residual soil fumigants
(1,3-D and chloropicrin) 14 days after fumigant application in the fall 2009 trial.
With the help of Fravel, Wilson built an apparatus to quickly and easily test soil fumigants
against soil pathogens.
Clean Air Act, the DPR must reduce agricultural emissions of smog-forming VOCs from soil fumigants
and other pesticides.
And the State of New York was spending more than $250,000 a year for the soil fumigants
to treat infested fields.