Let H and T be two single-valued neutrosophic soft sets over (Z, E).
Throughout this article, we take the t-norm (*) as min(a, b) and t-conorm (o) as max(a, b) for intersection of two single-valued neutrosophic soft sets and (*) as max(a, b) and t-conorm (o) as min(a, b) for union of two single-valued neutrosophic soft sets.
 A single-valued neutrosophic soft set H over the universe Z is termed to be an empty or null single-valued neutrosophic soft set with respect to the parametric set [mathematical expression not reproducible] and can be written as:
From there, the book flows smoothly into the subsequent chapter, which attempts to measure the effectiveness of the soft power strategies laid out in preceding chapters.
Modi and his impact on soft power are discussed, and even though Modi has actively tried to improve India's image externally, he remains a controversial figure in this diverse society in which multiculturalism is one of the major soft power assets.
Overall, Kugiel's India's Soft Power is a good book for readers with an interest in India's political evolution and landscape, domestic and foreign, and international relations in general.
If we use the term sharp power as shorthand for information warfare, the contrast with soft power becomes plain.
When I introduced the concept of soft power in 1990, I wrote that it is characterized by voluntarism and indirection, while hard power rests on threats and inducements.
Truth and openness create a dividing line between soft and sharp power in public diplomacy.
We say [F.sub.A] is a fuzzy soft subset of a (FSS) [G.sub.B] over a common universe U if A [subset or equal to] B and [F.sub.A](e) [subset or equal to] [G.sub.B](e) [for all]e [member of] A; i.e., if [mathematical expression not reproducible] and [for all]e [member of] E and denoted by [F.sub.A] [??] [G.sub.B].
We say they are fuzzy soft equal if [F.sub.A] [??] [G.sub.B] and [G.sub.B] [??] [F.sub.A].
The success of orthodontic treatment is frequently related to the improvement gained in the patient's facial appearance, which includes the soft tissue profile and since there is considerable variation in the soft tissue covering the face.2 Evaluation of soft tissue analysis during orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is very important.3,4 Facial harmony and balance is influenced by soft tissue.5
Holdaway6 stated that better treatment goals can be set if we quantitate the soft tissue features which contribute to or detract from that 'physical attractiveness stereotypes' which has been ingrained into our culture.
In the second and third sections (the fields, regions and countries), the research group first carries out a detailed analysis of the important roles played by overseas Chinese in China's soft power buildup in terms of the following considerations: overseas Chinese and public diplomacy of China; Chinese media and the construction of China's national image; the culture of overseas Chinese and cultural soft power of China; and domestic educational institutions for overseas Chinese and China's cultural soft power.
In the final section (the solutions and recommendations), the research group highly appreciates the positive effect of China's various levels of governments' work regarding overseas Chinese affairs dealing with the construction and improvement of national soft power in the fields of politics, economy, culture, and society.