GAO examined (1) the extent of grassland conversions to cropland and the cost of farm program payments for these newly converted cropland acres; (2) the relative importance of farm program payments versus other factors in producers' decisions to convert grassland to cropland; and (3) any impact the Sodbuster
conservation provision--which places soil erosion standards on certain converted land--has had on limiting grassland conversions.
Producers can lose specified federal farm program benefits if they cultivate highly erodible lands that have not been previously cropped (Sodbuster
), drain wetlands (Swampbuster), or cultivate highly erodible cropland without implementing a conservation plan (Conservation Compliance).
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), Swampbuster Program, and Sodbuster
Program, as well as important initiatives in the U.S.
It included the "Swampbuster" title to protect wetlands and the "Sodbuster
" title to protect native prairies.
Antler King's Sodbuster
Disc Harrow has a 46-inch cutting width and up to an eight-inch cutting depth.
Conservation compliance, sometimes called "Sodbuster
," requires growers to take certain conservation measures to remain eligible for federal price-support programs.
A provision known as "sodbuster
" eliminates most federal payments for farmers who cultivate previously unfarmed, highly erodible land.
The subordinate clause is sometimes preserved in the Norwegian and German translations, as in the following: (32) On the drier land, my great-grandfather planted twenty acres of flax, which is what every sodbuster
planted the first year, and ten acres of oats.
They plow all night and come in and drag all day." On April 25, 1958, my informant Ray Fuller is referred to as the "Mullican Sodbuster
," [sic] on page 6.
, "swampbuster," and conservation compliance provisions of other recent farm bills likewise deny federal program benefits to producers who fail to comply with various conservation requirements.
The 1985 Food Security Act was revolutionary in that it contained provisions, called Conservation Compliance, Sodbuster
, and Swampbuster, that require all participants in federal farm programs to comply with minimum standards of land stewardship.
This approach, under development since 1982 (Heimlich, Ogg, and Bills 1983) has been used to analyze other conservation policies, including highly erodible land issues (Heimlich and Bills 1984; Heimlich 1989), sodbuster
(Heimlich 1986), swampbuster (Heimlich and Langner 1986; Heimlich, Carey, and Brazee 1989), and Conservation Reserve Program (Young and Osborn 1990) provisions of 1985 and 1990 farm legislation conservation titles.
One area of particular success has been the "swampbuster" and "sodbuster
" provisions written into the 1990 Farm Bill, which penalize farmers for conversion of wetlands to fields, as well as for plowing steep, highly erodable ground.
The act also provides for a "sodbuster
' and for a "swampbuster' program to discourage future cultivation of "highly erodible' lands and wetlands.
(133) The farm bill contains a number of conservation programs, including some mandatory programs such as sodbuster
, swampbuster, and sodsaver.