The big-claw snapping shrimp
or pistol shrimp Alpheus heterochaelis is commonly found in seagrasses, oyster beds, salt marshes, mudflats, coral reefs, and mangroves (Nolan & Salmon 1970, Heck & Orth 1980, Felder et al.
are smaller than your thumb, but like a lobster, they have two front claws, one much bigger than the other.
The modality of the dominance signal in snapping shrimp
(Alpheus heterochaelis) and the corresponding setal types on the antennules.
In the collecting area, the snapping shrimps
were always found under rocks with sand and gravel (Personal Observation).
Synalpheus agelas, new species of snapping shrimp
from the Gulf of Mexico and Bahama Islands (Decapoda: Alpheidae).
The snapping shrimp
genus Alpheus from the Eastern Pacific (Decapoda: Caridea: Alpheidae).
In Panama, coral-associated snapping shrimp
(Alpheus lottini Guerin-Meneville 1830) and crabs (Trapezia ferruginea Latreille 1825) defend their coral from predatory starfishes.
in the genus Synalpheus (Decapoda: Alpheidae) provide a striking example.
Percussion by substrate(s) beating (Dumortier, 1963; Horch, 1975; Popper et al., 2001 ; Virant-Doberlet and Cokl, 2004), tymbal (or tymbal-like) systems (Dumortier, 1963), vibration of appendages or wings (Dumortier, 1963; Popper et al., 2001; Jonsson et al., 2011), passage of fluid such as gas or foam (Abele et al., 1973; Fraser and Nelson, 1982), and cavitation bubble collapse in snapping shrimp
(Versluis et al., 2000) are also well known.
Roy Crabtree examined stomach contents of 385 Middle Keys bonefish and found the following goodies and percentages: mud crabs at 30%, toadfish at 17%, swimming crabs at 11%, snapping shrimp
at 9% and penaeid shrimp at 7%.
216 1.5 Snapping shrimp
Alpheus heterochaelis 10 0.1 Porcelain crabs Porcellanidae 9 0.1 Pea crabs Pinnixa spp.
While earlier experiments had shown that so-called snapping shrimp
generate imploding air bubbles that make loud popping sounds (SN: 9/23/00, p.
Periwinkles, marsh fiddler crabs, snapping shrimp
, and small fish like pinfish and finger mullet as well as a multitude of other small, tasty creatures call spartina grassbeds home.
For example, six types of setae were identified in the snapping shrimp
, Alpheus heterochaelis (Obermeier & Schmitz 2004); 10 setal types were identified in the Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus (Cate & Derby 2001).
Combined visual and chemical signals have been reported in the snapping shrimp
Alpheus heterochaelis (Hughes, 1996), in smasher stomatopods (Christy and Salmon, 1991; Marshall et al., 1999), and in freshwater crayfish (Acquistapace et al., 2002).