In 2010, slime molds
provided a surprising insight to Atsushi Tero of Hokkaido University and his team.
Adamatzky, "Slime mold
solves maze in one pass, assisted by gradient of chemo-attractants," IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, vol.
Professor Atsushi Tero of Kyushu University says slime molds
actually out-calculate modern computers, but when slime mold
behavior is analyzed and arranged into bits and bytes, computers could be programmed to mimic slime mold
A hungry slime mold
wants that oat flake at the center of the maze.
Students are encouraged to use different, unique barriers (e.g., chemicals, lack of moisture, etc.), but they are not permitted to intentionally kill the slime mold
. During this phase of the lab, the teacher plays an important role in helping students think about experimental design.
The simple organism Dictyostelium discoideum, or slime mold
, "oscillates between being a single creature and a swarm" by assembling itself into an "us" when necessary, but crucially, without a leader cell calling the shots.
The finding comes from a team of Japanese and British researchers who observed that the slime mold
connected itself to scattered food sources in a design that was nearly identical to Tokyo's rail system.
Laws urges readers to love every discovery, even the chunky yellow fungi labeled "dog vomit slime mold
." He offers practical advice, too: Despite our best efforts, he writes, we won't always be able to identify a bird--and that's what makes birding exciting.
Researchers working on the creation of cyborg computer chips successfully stored information in live neurons for the first time; other researchers unveiled a sensor chip controlled by a slime mold
. Scientists came up with a new, relatively easy technique for reprogramming the skin cells of mice into embryonic stem cells, and it was discovered that mouse mothers and fathers are more interested in the distress calls of mouse pups than spinster and bachelor mice are.
In 2001, for instance, Internet mavin Steven Johnson introduced his Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities and Software with a discussion of Evelyn Fox Keller's slime mold
research, which later also inspired the StarLogo computer program.
They get their smarts from below." Like the emergent systems it describes, the book starts simply, with a discussion of the one-celled creatures known as Dictyostelium discoideum, or slime mold
. Johnson doesn't just begin with slime mold
; he comes back to it again and again.
For a slime mold
, Dictyostelium discoideum, the forces of cell locomotion have been unknown, but the cortex resists poking with a microneedle (cortical tension) at 1.4 x [10.sup.3] pN/[[[micro]meter].sup.2] (3).
By using Dictyostelium, a type of slime mold
widely used as a model system in the study of cell differentiation because of its similarity to human cell function at this level, Rutherford's research group discovered that a protein called Replication Protein A (RPA) acts not only in cell proliferation, but also is a regulator of cell differentiation.
Who is to say that there is not a head ant (termite, bee, mole rat, sponge, or slime mold
) if human researchers are unable to speak or read ant (termite, bee, mole rat, sponge, or slime mold
"The Internet is growing like slime mold
." - John Perry Barlow