While it may be a stretch to conclude that Hemingway and Wilhelm were familiar with the work of Edith Ellis, it's highly likely that they both knew her husband's work, including Sexual Inversion
Havelock Ellis and John Addington Symonds, Sexual Inversion
Again, given that the first western theories of homosexuality centered on sexual inversion
, or malformed gender, and given their association of blackness with sexual violence and victimhood, it is reasonable to assert that colonial representations of black men and women under conditions of enslavement have influenced configurations of (homo)sexual abjection in later decades.
5) Havelock Ellis, Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume II: Sexual Inversion
, 3rd ed.
While it is true that the 'gay' subculture shows even higher levels of dysfunction on comparable issues, the culture of sexual inversion
is not confined to homosexuality.
The scientific study of sexual inversion
is usually dated from the 1869 publication by Carl von Westphal of a case study of a woman suffering from "a contrary sexual instinct" (p.
From Sexual Inversion
to Homosexuality: Medicine and the Changing Conceptualization of Female Deviancy.
Sometimes, indeed, the tendency to sexual inversion
in eccentric and neurotic families seems merely to be Nature's merciful method of winding up a concern which, from her point of view, has ceased to be profitable.
As this narrative suggests, the "sissy," a term that had emerged out of the boy culture of mid-nineteenth century America, increasingly became not only an epithet hurled by school yard bullies but a clinical term suggestive of psychological pathology and sexual inversion