Erffmeyer, "Serum sickness
," Annals of Allergy, vol.
The rise was more in the groups G III (double dose) and G IV (in which BSA induced serum sickness
Macris, "Serum sickness
reaction following multiple insect stings," Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, vol.
In addition to environmental exposure such as Hymenoptera stings, Viper venom and poison ivy, other causes include several drugs and number of conditions (angioedema, bronchial asthma, food allergy, serum sickness
(14) Hypersensitivity reactions can occur, resulting in anaphylaxis (type 1), anaphylactoid reactions (complement mediated), or delayed serum sickness
(type 3), and are treated with a combination of diphenhydramine and epinephrine.
For patients with less severe symptoms, the authors recommend weighing the value of antivenin against the risks of acute hypersensitivity and delayed serum sickness
. They reported that redback antivenin is effective in 94% of patients in Australia and that Australian data show anaphylaxis rates of 0.5% to 1%.
Other causes include sarcoidosis, HIV, Kawasaki's disease, serum sickness
and drug reaction.