secretory phase


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Related to secretory phase: menstrual phase, Proliferative phase
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Synonyms for secretory phase

the second half of the menstrual cycle after ovulation

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(Table 2) Shows the mean [+ or -] SEM of granulocyte count in menstrual, proliferative and secretory phases of menstrual cycle in different aged groups of 17-19 years, 23-25 years, it shows increased in granulocyte count in all the three phases i.e.-menstrual, proliferative and secretory phases of the menstrual cycle and was found statistically significant (P<0.05) but in the aged groups of 20-22 years, the granulocyte count was increased in all the three phases i.e.-menstrual, proliferative and secretory phase of menstrual cycle but was not statistically significant.
CT was at least around ovulatory or mid-cycle, and it increases during secretory phase. However, the difference of CT in various phases was not statistically significant.
Twenty-three was in proliferative phase and 16 in secretory phase. Most of these cases with normal biopsies were being managed for infertility.
In the control group, CECs were detected in 3 of 13 cases during the menstrual phase, 1 of 16 cases during the proliferative phase, and 2 of 11 cases during the secretory phase, and the corresponding detection rates were 23.1%, 6.3%, and 18.2%, respectively, which were not significantly different ( P = 0.425) [Figure 1]c.
Quantification of endometrial [CD56.sup.+] NK cells, or the comparative percentages of [CD56.sup.+] NK cells in the circulating peripheral blood during the secretory phase of individuals with unexplained infertility have not been documented.
Table 1: Distribution of cases of AUB according to histological pattern Histological diagnosis Total number of cases (N=1545) (%) Proliferative phase 117 (7.6) Secretory phase 372 (24.1) Products of conception 62 (4.0) Simple hyperplasia without atypia 350 (22.6) Complex hyperplasia without atypia 42 (2.7) Hyperplasia with atypia 03 (0.2) Endometrial polyps 127 (8.2) Atrophic endometrium 52 (3.4) Hydatidiform mole 75 (4.9) Irregular ripening of endometrium 301 (19.5) Endometritis 13 (0.8) Endometrial carcinoma 28 (1.8) Choriocarcinoma 03 (0.2) Total 1545 (100)
In the control subjects, the expressions of both protein and mRNA in the JZ in the proliferative phase were both significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those of the secretory phase, whereas the expressions of both protein and mRNA in the OM in the proliferative phase and the secretory phase were similar.
PR-A and PR-B are co-expressed in normal endometrium and change along with the menstrual cycle, which constantly rise in the proliferating phase to peak in its later period, decline in the secretory phase, and only have low expressions in the late secretory phase and the early proliferating phase.
Conclusion: On premenstrual endometrial biopsy, secretory phase was the most common finding.
In order to better understand the colleters structure and secretion, two phases were distinguished: a secretory phase and a senescence one.
(eNOS) and (iNOS) have been found in human endometrium but the main isoform of NOS is endothelial NOS (eNOS) in endometrial glands and stromal cells in the menstrual cycle specially, the secretory phase. Female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) can influence uterine eNOS expression and regulate endometrial eNOS in menstrual cycle (Taguchi et al., 2000; Khorram et al., 1999).
Total leucocyte count (TLC), absolute eosinophil count (AEC), and differential leucocyte count (DLC) were analyzed during the menstrual phase and proliferative and secretory phase during a single cycle.
The histo-pathological report of 39 cases of dysfunctional uterine bleeding showed Proliferative phase endometrium, secretory phase endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia, Endometritis, Atrophic endometrium and inadequate tissue in 12, 12, 5, 6, 2 and 2 patients respectively with both procedures.
200 (35.08%) cases of proliferative phase and 170 (29.82%) cases of secretory phase were noted.