Three treatments were used for seed dormancy breaking including scarification
of seed endocarp with sandpaper, treatment with sulphuric acid (95%) for periods of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 min and immersion in boiling water for 10 min.
Evident in this striking example from Nigeria are two beautification methods used by Ejagham women--delicate scarifications
, or tattooing (a type of skin decoration very common in Africa), and filed teeth, which are realistically rendered in the mask.
decorate her cheeks, jaw and abdomen, and bracelets are carved on her arms and wrists.
Referring to /Xam accounts recorded by Bleek (1936), Lewis-Williams (1981: 61) noted that 'they used scarifications
to ensure success in the hunt'.
what makes it a pleasure to see or, for that matter, turns you off or, in the attitudes of antifashion, still fascinates, though with pins through the nose and hoops through the lips and other scarifications
, it may cause you to look away.