scalene muscle


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Related to scalene muscle: anterior scalene muscle
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  • noun

Synonyms for scalene muscle

any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib

References in periodicals archive ?
Intramuscular hemangioma in the anterior scalene muscle diagnosed by core needle biopsy.
Other anomalies included abnormal position of the brachial plexus within or around the scalene muscles, abnormal configurations of the roots, trunks or branches, and attenuated roots not fitting the description of a pre- or postfixed brachial plexus.
In 15% of cases, C5 and C6 roots may fuse before piercing the anterior scalene muscle or C5 root alone can pierce the belly of anterior scalene muscle, as seen in 13% of cases.
Examples include entrapment of the lower trunk at the insertion of the anterior scalene muscle on the first rib (scalenus anticus syndrome), entrapment by a crossing cervical rib (cervical rib syndrome), (10) and compression by subclavian artery aneurysm.
On palpation there was slight tenderness in some areas of the cervical and thoracic spine but no major tenderness of the scalene muscles and no indication of fibromuscular bands or other anomalies in the supraclavicular fossa.
Many authors describe techniques for locating or palpating the scalene muscles (Brantigan and Roos 2004, Falla et al 2002a, Gross et al 2002, Kostopoulos and Rizopoulos 2001, Porterfield and DeRosa 1995, Senjyu et al 2002).
Neural elements were identified adjacent to the scalene muscles, and the probe was moved downwards in a para-sagittal plane towards the clavicle.
As these nerves pass over the first rib between the scalene muscles (and sometimes through the scalene muscles) they form their plexus configuration starting from rami, trunks, divisions, cords, and ending in the main terminal branches: the musculocutaneous, median, ulnar, radial, and axillary nerves.
Scalene muscle uptake is often seen after neck dissection, where the sternocleidomastoid muscle has been removed.
Accessory' respiratory muscles, such as the scalene muscles and upper traps, have other roles to play during exercise, but will have to pick up the slack if your diaphragm is not in proper position.
distance friend " 'Accessory' respirator muscles, such as the scalene muscles and upper traps, have other roles to play during exercise, but will have to pick up the slack if your diaphragm is not in proper position.
The results revealed increased electromyographic amplitude of the large superficial sternocleidomastoid, and anterior scalene muscles in patients with neck pain.
At the level of the scalene muscles, these branches regroup to form the superior, middle and inferior trunks, and when they leave the inter-scalene space, they form anterior and posterior divisions at the supraclavicular level.
The interscalene brachial plexus block was performed in the interscalene groove, between the anterior and middle scalene muscles (Fig.
2,4,6,10,11) Compression of the vein in the thoracic outlet through lateral abduction of the arm or hypertrophy of subclavian or anterior scalene muscles can cause turbulence in the vein, which is exacerbated by increased venous flow experienced during exercise.