This was because it was believed, by the righteous, that the walls of the heavenly Jerusalem were of jasper, with Jerusalem itself glistening like pure gold, with foundations made of emeralds, sapphires, sardonyx
, amethysts and so on, through all its many layers.
The most prized cameos are those carved from hardstones such as sardonyx
, onyx, malachite and agate along with rare specimens carved from precious and semi-precious stones.
My head also contains an ample supply of sardonyx
, which is useful both for imparting a sardonic tone to columns when necessary, as well as for the fashioning of gems, particularly cameos - such as the cameo appearance that Mr.
The first such stanza reveals "the maid-mother by a crucifix" amid warm pasture beneath branches carved of sardonyx
, "smiling babe in arm" (93-96).
The intricate artwork, using semiprecious stones, such as sardonyx
, coral, amethyst, chalcedony, agate, lapis lazuli, and turquoise, and outstanding workmanship manifested in the marble screens and minarets make a visit to the Taj Mahal an overwhelming experience.
66) Ciriaco gave a replica of a sardonyx
cameo of the nude Scylla to Theodore Gaza, who was in Ferrara at the behest of Leonello d'Este to teach Greek with Guarino Guarini.
In the quartz varieties case the sardonyx
cabochons are obviously dyed, yet the label does not so state.
Pieces from antiquity accented with sapphires, carnelian, agate, sardonyx
, emeralds and natural pearls are also found, serving as testament to ancient tastes for wealth and luxury.
The Byzantine sardonyx
bowl that forms the tazza's top section dates from the 9th or 10th century, and was originally acquired in Russia in 1807-08 by the 10th Duke of Hamilton; he believed it to be the holy water stoup that once belonged to Charlemagne.
But, whereas you might expect cameos (carved in Italy from shells) to be the central point of the jewel, many prove to be cut instead from sardonyx
, which is sturdier, particularly when used in the making of rings - items of jewellery which always suffer from hard wear or misuse or both.