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  • noun

Words related to sarcoplasm

the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber

References in periodicals archive ?
The major ultrastructural findings in DGR dogs included dilatation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, hypercontracted fibers, necrosis, degeneration of subsarcolemmal areas, and cytoplasmic disorganization (VALENTINE et al.
However, chronic alcohol ingestion leads to increased glycogen and lipid storage, enlarged and distorted mitochondria, and a dilated sarcoplasmic reticulum (Rubin et al.
2+] from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in active muscle or by increasing the recruitment of muscle through stimulation of the central nervous system (21,31,32).
2001) reported damage of the muscle triads system (T-tubule and terminal cisternae of the sarcoplasmic reticulum) after downhill running in rats that probably disturbed the link between excitation of the sarcolemma and calcium release to the sarcoplasm (Prasartwuth et al.
There are many studies verifying the adverse effects of chronic alcohol consumption on the function of mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum function which could be another cause of alcoholic cardiomyopathy.
Malaria parasites can develop stable resistance to artemisinin but lack mutations in candidate genes atp6 (encoding the sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase), tctp, mdr1, and cg10.
Sarcoplasmic proteins represent ~15% of the total, and has endogenous proteolytic activity that could be responsible for the high rate of autohydrolysis (Arias-Moscoso et al.
b) Excitation-contraction coupling which includes all phenomena that initiated the action potential sarcolemma sharp increases in the concentration of free Ca2 + from sarcoplasmic necessary training and dragging the cross deck.
Within individual fascicles, contiguous groups of hypereosinophilie, small, angular fibers were present, in addition to multiple swollen hypereosinophilie fibers that often contained large vesicular nuclei and displayed sarcoplasmic vacuolation.
It also has positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart by increasing transcription of the Ca2+ ATPase in the sarcoplasmic reticulum and increasing levels of betaadrenergic receptors and concentration of G proteins.
This protein is involved in calcium ions release from sarcoplasmic reticulum and plays a key role in cardiomyocyte contractions.
2+] influx from the extracellular medium and intracellular stores such as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) or sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), and those processes that remove it out, involving [Ca.
Dantrolene exerts its action directly at the muscular level by inhibiting calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum and thereby uncoupling excitation and contraction.