The metacognitive beliefs are a component of universal cognitive practice that contributes to either positive beliefs or negative beliefs about rumination
. The positive beliefs imply repetitive or perseverative thinking being a helpful strategy and giving an insight into the problem, while, on the other hand, when the stimulating factors remain and a failure is faced in solving the situation at hand, the individual further experiences negative thoughts that interfere with problem-solving, are unconstructive and uncontrollable.11 These negative metacognitive beliefs are suggestive of the danger or uncontrollability of worry that it must be avoided.
Event Related Rumination
Inventory (ERRI) was designed to assess the two styles of rumination
(Intrusive and Deliberate rumination
).23 It is a 4-point Likert scale.
According to Rosen and Hochwarter (2014), rumination
was associated with significant negative impacts on work effort, job satisfaction, job retention, and depression among 239 employees at an architecture firm.
It can also be a unconscious cognitive processes (selective attention, memory distortions, denial or projection), or consciences processes: Self-blame, blaming others, rumination
, catastrophizing, putting into perspective, refocus on planning, positive refocusing, positive reappraisal (11).
15, language that is predictive of depression includes references to typical symptoms such as sadness, loneliness, hostility, rumination
and increased self-reference.
Few studies correlating the effect of these diets with the feeding and rumination
characteristics are available in the literature, though.
In order to provide further evidence of co-rumination's moderating effects, future researchers are encouraged to investigate the moderating effects of co rumination
on the relationship between goal orientations and outcomes unrelated to corumination.
and social support as predictors of posttraumatic growth in women with breast cancer: a systematic review
This study aimed to describe the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and explore its correlation with rumination
and social support in stroke survivors.
In ruminants, the feeding behavior is characterized by the periods of activities of biological and economic importance, which are defined by the time the animal takes to consume the feed, how often it heads to the trough to eat, rumination
activity, and idleness (other activities) (Schwartzkopf-Genswein et al.
These relevant findings suggest there may be a positive relationship between Cultural Efficacy and Self-Esteem and a negative relationship between Cultural Efficacy and adverse psychological processes like rumination
. Here, we propose that higher levels of Cultural Efficacy serve as a protective function and decrease the likelihood of engaging in rumination
This repetitive chewing and digesting is called rumination
, a term that is also applied to a human psychological process.
, as a general mediator of the relationship between many vulnerability factors and depression [21, 22], may be a plausible candidate for a mediator of the association between qi stagnation constitution and depression.
A group of researchers from Stanford University thought nature's positive effect on our well-being might have something to do with reducing rumination
, or "a maladaptive pattern of self-referential thought that is associated with heightened risk for depression and other mental illnesses." In simpler terms, rumination
is when you can't stop thinking about things that are really bothering you.
In cases where there is a significant association with depression, the reason is that comparing yourself with others can lead to 'rumination
' or overthinking.