After maintenance of optimal exposure, Babcock forceps were used to hold and retract the right atrium
into the wound for placement of right atrial leads.
As in cases of the hemodialysis catheter insertion into the right atrium
, its tip can be moved or erroneously inserted through the inferior vena cava into the hepatic veins and because of malposition's of the catheters, clinicians can observe some problems in hemodialysis sessions associated about this issue.
A tumor superior to the right atrium
was found during procedure, which was invasive to the right atrium
and superior vena cava.
RA indicates right atrium
; IaS, interatrial septum; Ao, aorta; MV, mitral valve; p, pedicle.
In our patient the simultaneous presence of pleural effusion, liver abscess and IVC thrombus extending up to the right atrium
Intrahepatic venous arcades persisted but drained antegrade via the stent to the right atrium
. Liver enzymes were stable and ascites had not recurred.
When intracardiac, they are most commonly found in the right atrium
and the left ventricle but can be seen in almost any other location of the heart [1, 4].
The guide wire was loaded into the 6F MPA2 catheter which was then inserted via the 6F sheath into the right atrium
, and passed through the defect under subcostal and four-chamber view guidance.
Chest CT showed a large pericardial effusion that was compressing the ventricles and the right atrium
Fetal ultrasound revealed the absence of ductus venosus (DV) with the UV directly draining into the right atrium
(Figure 1(a)), consistent with the extrahepatic drainage type of ADV.
Idiopathic dilation of the right atrium
is a congenital anomaly with an unknown pathogenesis.
Jugular veins also contain special valves to prevent blood flowing back into the head from the inferior vena cava and right atrium
while the head is lowered.
cannula was inserted into the right atrium
via the right atrial appendage for venous return to the oxygenator.
was opened and tricuspid valve located.
Table 1: Alexander Olivares classifications of atrial septal aneurysm Type 1R The ASA protrudes from the midline of the atrial septum to the right atrium
Type 2L The ASA protrudes from the midline of the atrial septum to the left atrium Type 3RL The maximal excursion of the ASA is toward the right atrium
with a lesser excursion toward the left atrium Type 4LR The maximal excursion of the ASA is toward the left atrium with a lesser excursion toward the right atrium
Type 5 The ASA movement is bidirectional and equidistant to the right as well as to the left atrium during the cardiorespiratory cycle