rifampin


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Synonyms for rifampin

an antibacterial drug (trade names Rifadin and Rimactane) used to treat tuberculosis

References in periodicals archive ?
Another preventive regimen, comprising 3 months of treatment with isoniazid and rifapentine (HP), has an equivalent efficacy to 9 months of isoniazid and fewer side effects but is more expensive.[8] The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends 4 months of rifampin treatment if the index case had multidrug-resistant TB.[9]
tuberculosis from patients who subsequently had a relapse or were cured to determine the MIC values of isoniazid and rifampin that were below the standard resistance breakpoint.
[USA], July 1 ( ANI ): Turns out, higher dose of rifampin, an antibiotic to treat several types of bacterial infections, can kill more tuberculosis bacteria in sputum cultures without increasing the adverse effects of treatment.
Evaluation of the GenoType MTBDRplus assay for rifampin and isoniazid susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains and clinical specimens.
The impact of HIV disease on the patient's capacity to absorb specific drugs and nutrients merits further investigation, with a particular need to understand variability in rifampin absorption in relation to immunologic parameters [17].
kansasii infections had included INH, rifampin, and ethambutol [10, 11].
Among 38 residents and 15 staff members, 10 additional cases of active TB disease were diagnosed among residents; these patients were prescribed rifampin, isoniazid, and pyrazinamide (without ethambutol).
Treatment of TBM consists of an intensive phase with 4 anti-TB drugs for 2 months (typically INH 800 mg/d, rifampin 450 mg/d, pyrazinamide 1000 mg/d, and ethambutol 800 mg/d) and a continuation phase with 2 drugs (INH and rifampin) for 7 to 10 additional months, resulting in a total treatment duration of 9 to 12 months.
Seventeen patients were excluded from LTBI testing, one patient with age over 50 years and no additional risk factors for reactivation TB, two patients with history of treated extrapulmonary TB, thirteen patients with history of treated pulmonary TB, and one patient with history of NTM infection treated with sufficient duration of rifampin to constitute treatment for LTBI.
After 4 months of 4-drug regimen, the patient was continued on Rifampin and Isoniazid.
(3) Therapeutic failure and relapse develop in 8% and 16%, respectively, of patients with acute brucellosis receiving doxycycline plus rifampin for 45 days compared to 2% and 5.2% among patients receiving doxycycline plus streptomycin for the same duration.
By 2014, about three-quarters of personnel with LTBI received rifapentine plus INH, while the rest were evenly split between rifampin and INH monotherapy, Dr.
The Envelope elutes antimicrobial agents Minocycline and Rifampin locally into the tissue for a minimum of seven days.
In all studies other than the current one intermittent drainage was performed and drainage systems were used without leaving any residue.8914 It was reported that the risk of UTIs could be reduced with urinary catheters implanted for a short term and the use of antibiotics constituting a synergistic antimicrobial spectrum in silicone materials.15 It was demonstrated that the efficacy of antibiotic-coated silicones in the urinary system was only on the catheter and that it was not effective against planktonic (suspended) microorganisms.4 While Minocycline is a protein synthesis inhibitor Rifampin impacts the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-associated ribonucleic acid (RNA) polymerase upon inhibiting it.