KEYWORDS: Age, Computerized Tomography, Gender, Renal artery.
In South Asian country like Pakistan, incidence of end stage renal disease (ESRD) is gradually increasing and has produced a large economic burden.
In 8 kidneys (75%), both renal artery entered through the hilum, one usually in normal position.
One kidney had persistent foetal lobulations and double renal arteries represented anterior and posterior division arising from the aorta separately (Fig.
The nutcracker phenomenon (NCP) refers to the compression of left renal vein (LRV) most commonly between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and aorta.
Renal abscess consists of purulent and necrotic material localised to the renal parenchyma.
CECT of the abdomen revealed a 30 x 35-mm well-circumscribed mid-polar exophytic left renal-mass enhancing less than renal parenchyma on corticomedullary phase with a suspicious renal pelvis invasion and a 10 x 10-mm right lower pole exophytic mass showing a similar enhancing pattern (Fig.
Gadolinium-enhanced MRI revealed a 30 x 35-mm well-circumscribed mild exophytic mid-pole renal-mass with renal pelvis invasion; no pathological lymph nodes were detected.
Different from point-by-point approach of RF ablation, we used cryoenergy for sympathetic denervation of the renal
arteries hold significant importance in diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.
Usually each kidney receives one bilateral renal
artery with about 6-8mm diameter, but this measure varies according to kidney volume.
KEY WORDS: Renal
cyst, Ultrasonography, Renal
INTRODUCTION The renal
tumours have a diverse morphological spectrum ranging from renal
cell carcinoma in adults to Wilm's tumour in children.
The fourth section is the largest with over 20 chapters looking at renal
disease processes such as glomerular diseases, tubulointerstitial disease and renal
The results of this study, although not completely innovative, contribute to the discussion on the safety and the efficacy of renal