The bill seeks to raise from 85 percent to 90 percent the share of rank and file
and supervisory employees in the total service charges being collected by hotels, restaurants and similar establishments from their receipts.
Rank and file
employees were not exempted, though, he said.
"With more than 5,000 employees nationwide, the Comelec is dominated by rank and file
workers who receive mid- to low-level income.
Though gangsters took the life of Pete Panto for his activism on the docks, their threats had not stopped the formation and growth of the Brooklyn Rank and File
Committee, nor that of similar groups.
Rank and File
was a critical contribution to the "New Labor History." That project was set in motion by an older generation of scholar activists including C.L.R.
The result was the 1973 book, Rank and File
, which tried to bring the story of one generation of working-class activists to another generation, in that generation's own words.
Although rank and file
actions hampered international control in the Birmingham district, Letwin argues that a variety of factors reinforced working class unity across the color line.
It's going to have to get away from the union bosses and go back to the rank and file
," said Charles B.
Whereas 44% of the rank and file
graded themselves an "A" or "B" when it comes to improving quality, only 29% of the senior executives gave employees an "A" or "B" for effort.
One of the strengths of The New Rank and File
is its wider scope of interest that considers workers outside the US.
Using membership lists of organizations, biographical dictionaries, obituaries, and census data, Green shakes the family trees of several hundred white women from the rank and file
of pro- and anti-suffrage movements throughout the South.
"We propose," Staughton Lynd argues on behalf of his contributors, "that the CIO from the beginning [Lynd's emphasis] intended a top-down, so-called responsible unionism that would prevent strikes and control the rank and file
." CIO unions, he argues, were "governmental monopolies" that "practiced top-down decisionmaking," "sought to regulate shop floor activity from above," and "ardently sought to discourage" radical political alternatives.(10) A good deal of the recent scholarship has considered such charges and convicted the CIO on lesser counts in these areas.(11) But no recent work of history has delivered a harsher verdict on the CIO than Lynd advances here.
Such procedures gave the automobile multinationals the flexibility they wanted in a highly volatile market but also made the Cordoban auto workers' local more dependent on rank and file
support with the leadership held more accountable by the workers they represented.