melanopoda Gay & Durieu-BLACK-FOOTED QUILLWORT. Figure 2e, 2d.
Iousianensis Thieret-LOUISIANA QUILLWORT. Figure 2e, 2f.
An increase in pollen and spores from wetland plants such as cattails, sphagnum, sedge and quillwort
suggests that there was more moisture available at the bog site.
Since the range will occupy the headwaters of three intermittent streams along which there are wetlands and Louisiana quillwort
habitats, mitigation actions were taken to ensure that: a) the pre-construction discharge of these streams was maintained during and after construction, and b) there was no significant change in turbidity or sediment discharge attributable to construction.
Wetland or semi-aquatic plant pollen from types such as Cyperaceae (sedge f amily), Typha latifolia (cattail), Sphagnum, and Isoetes (quillwort
) are present in these samples but they are not abundant (Fig.
Isoetes butleri Engelm., Glade Quillwort
; Butler's Quillwort
This typically aquatic community reaches a depth of a few meters, with quillwort
(Isoetes lacustris), awlwort (Subularia aquatica), water crowfoots (Ranunculus aquatilis, R.
Earliest Triassic origin of Isoites and quillwort
A natural history of the ferns, clubmosses, quillworts
, and horsetails of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
Class 1 Lycopodiopsida (Lycophyta, Lycopsida, Lycophytes, Lycopods, Club Mosses, Spike Mosses, Quillworts
to monocots to dicots, from ultrastructure to developmental floral morphology to molecules, the topics presented by the participants emphasized the diversity of subjects and plant groups that Bill's closest collaborators and former students continue to study today.
Traditionally, megaspores have been the most important character in determining Isoetes species, commonly known as "quillworts
," due to their size and surface patterns.