They are Betula populifolia (gray birch), Carex scabrata, Corallorrhiza trifida (coral root), Gerardia pedicularia ambigens (clammy false foxglove), Hemicarpa drummondii, Hippuris vulgaris (mare's tail), Lechea stricta (bush pinweed), Lemna perpusilla (least duckweed), Linnaea borealis (twin flower), Lonicera canadensis (American fly honeysuckle), Oryzopsis pungens (short-horned rice grass), Panicum lucidum (bog panic grass), Psilocarya nitens (bald rush), Pyrola
secunda (one-sided shinleaf), Scleria reticularis (netted nut rush), Shepherdia canadensis (russet buffaloberry), Trillium cernuum macranthum (nodding trillium), and Utricularia resu pinata (small purple bladderwort).
It could be Pyrola
- an outdoor plant native to certain areas of Wales and often seen in central and northern Europe.
The Viburnum nudum was a common shrub, and of smaller plants, there were the dwarf-cornel, great round-leaved orchis, abundant and in bloom (a greenish-white flower growing in little communities), Uvularia grandiflora, whose stem tasted like a cucumber, Pyrola
secunda, apparently the commonest Pyrola
in those woods, now out of bloom, Pyrola
elliptica, and Chiogenes hispidula.
Ericaceae Empetrum nigrum Lange ex Hagerup Pyrola
grandiflora Radius Rhododendron groenlandicum (Oeder) Kron & Judd Rhododendron lapponicum (L.
carlinifolius, Lotus corniculatus, Valeriana tripteris and Carex remota r in 3, Cirsium erisithales and Pyrola
minor + in 3; Epipactis persica subsp.
rotundifolia occurred in 25 plots (Table 2).
Floral scent variation in the Pyrola
rotundifolia complex in Scandinavia and westem Greenland.
The Latin name Pyrola
is the diminutive of Pyrus, meaning a pear tree, and refers to the plants' pear-shaped leaves.
secunda increased in both cleared and tephra plots between 1983 and 1989 at site SR after overall herb layer cover had reached a steady-state.
on deep feather-moss floors (Pleurozium shreberi, Hylacomnium splendens, Ptilium crista-castrensus) containing a typical boreal flora (Linnea borealis, Cornus canadensis, Pyrola
The prevailing flowers and conspicuous small plants of the woods, which I noticed, were: Clintonia borealis, Linnoea, checkerberry (Gaultheria procumbens), Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla), great round-leaved orchis, Dalibarda repens, Chiogenes hispidula (creeping snowberry), Oxalis acetosella (common wood-sorrel), Aster acuminatus, Pyrola
secunda (one-sided pyrola
), Medeola Virginica (Indian cucumber-root), small Circa (enchanter's nightshade), and perhaps Cornus Canadensis (dwarf-cornel).
The beech wood species occurring in the central Apennines which are very rare or absent in the southern Apennines include Geranium nodosum, Pyrola
minor Veronica urticifolia, Cardamine enneaphyllos, Cardamine kitaibelii, Carex pilosa, Anemone ranunculoides, Anemone nemorosa, whereas species which are common in the central Apennines but are rare or absent in the northern Apennines include Anemone apennina, Allium pendulinum, Cardamine chelidonia and Cardamine graeca.
Arbutoideae (Arbutus) are the next to branch after Enkianthus, followed by Pyrola
Ranunculus pallasii, Rubus chamaemorus, Potentilla hyperarctica, Pyrola
secunda, (although we found entirely P.