break diapause after their first winter (92-98%; Phipps and Dirks 1933; Dirks 1935), flies sampled in year N are representative of pupae
that survived the previous season (year N - 1).
Each month we buy up to 400 pupae
- which are budding butterflies cocooned in a shell," she says.
The wasps are shipped as dormant larvaeencased in dead fly pupae
and enclosed in a small paper bag or cardboard container.
were dissected from leaf sheaths of these plants.
During the present study, the spent silkworm pupae
were obtained from two consecutive batches at two weeks interval.
Pteromalidae attack eggs, larvae, pupae
or, rarely, adults.
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) larvae and pupae
in the coconut (Cocus nucifera) (Marcicano et al., 2007, 2009) and oil palm (E.
apply Chisel plough so that pink bollworms undergoing diapause and their Pupae
MULTAN: Agriculture experts have advised farmers to remove cotton sticks from fields before Jan 31 and apply Chisel plough so that pink bollworms undergoing diapause and their Pupae
While rearing field-collected caterpillars in our laboratory, we opportunistically observed indirect evidence of cannibalism (partially consumed pupae
in a cage with conspecific caterpillars) and one direct observation of a caterpillar attacking a pupa.
Thagona tibialis pupae
were collected during May 2010 in an urban area in Vicosa (20.7500[degrees]S, 42.8500[degrees]W; 650 masl).
Hoeing should be done four to five times to eliminate the pupae
of fruit fly.