Biologia e tecnicas de criacao de Trichospilus diatraeae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) em pupas
de Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) e Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae).
The only caterpillar that did not attack its associated pupa
died prior to pupation.
The parasitoid variables evaluated in this study were developmental time from egg to adult (d), parasitism and parasitoid emergence (%), proportion of females (number of females 4 number of insects), body length, head capsule width (mm), male and female longevity (d), and mean number of parasitoids emerged per pupa
. Bioassay results were expressed as mg of host pupal biomass.
Diagnosis: Cuando estan en las hojas, las pupas
estan rodeadas de cera blanca, delicada e inclinada en la hoja; el dorso esta cubierto con un poco de cera (Fig.
La determinacion de calcio (Ca) y fosforo (P) realizadas para la larva y pupa
, tambien se incluyen en la Tabla 1.
"Say goodbye to false eyelashes, get your PUPA
Vamp Mascara," Joanne Galzote of Al Hawaj told GulfWeekly.
Finally, the day comes when the butterfly emerges from the pupa
. This is what people are waiting for.
Os frutos com lesoes foram mantidos em bandejas plasticas ate a saida das larvas desenvolvidas, que foram utilizadas nos ensaios de avaliacao do tipo e textura de solos para a manutencao das fases de pre-pupa e pupa
Caption: A pupa
of a modern female leafcutter Megachile bee (left) has the same basic look as a Megachile male (right, CT scan) that dates to the Pleistocene, having been preserved in the La Brea Tar Pits.
One field caught mosquito pool and four adult pools (reared from pupa
) of Ae.
Several slaves at once may assault a pupa
, which is unable to move or defend itself during the pupal stage and is also not protected by a cocoon.