Market imperatives, in other words, imposed themselves on direct producers before the mass proletarianization of the work-force and, in fact, were a decisive factor in creating a mass proletariat, as "market forces," supported by direct coercion in the form of political and judicial intervention, created a propertyless
The social surplus, or at least a considerable part of it, continues to be produced by propertyless
wage-earners who have little if any influence on its composition and distribution.
Nevertheless, he remains propertyless
for the amount of his assets is balanced by the amount of his liabilities.
Although he never goes so far as to monetize the work of nature like current economists who suggest, for example, that the economic value of the work of bees and other pollinators is worth roughly $250 billion per year, (4) Clare is particularly attuned to the value created when nature "Is left at her own silent work for years." (5) Such acknowledgment of nature's work challenges John Locke's labor theory of property as land that has been improved solely by human labor, and that property owners "hath by this labour something annexed to it that excludes the common right of other men." (6) The Lockean concept of private property erases the labor of the propertyless
poor, as Raymond Williams argues.
(3) Work becomes a "principle" of "power" in capitalism, not due to an insecure mentality, as Moretti suggests, but a consequence of the property relations which increasingly divide the world into owners of the means of production and subsistence and the propertyless
who are forced to sell their labor to survive.
Trade unions emerged as the representatives of the propertyless
working class carrying forward the tradition of their agrarian ancestors.
(Probably not by being Peter the Propertyless
Proletarian because there are, in fact, many, many employers willing to bid for any individual's labor.) One route to poverty is incompetent or neglectful parents, who don't nurture their children's moral, intellectual, and physical development.
The individual is then in fact propertyless
or is himself a property.
It is not clear whether the petitioners were coming from counties and towns around London, as happened in the women's petitions of the early 1640s, or whether the wives of the captives had found each other near the docks in London, which throughout the early seventeenth century attracted the unemployed, the propertyless
, and, as in the case of these wives, the destitute (George 42; Hill 32-33).
Sparrow and O'Brien do a Beardian analysis of how the presence of a propertyless
class of Americans influenced the framing.
Cloth, $125.00--Analytic metaphysicians lean either towards thinking of substances as bundles of features or as having both features and a propertyless
The threat to the last vestiges of the democratic franchise held by the propertyless
debtor classes (6) that comes from the inequality produced by capitalism is so egregious that the state must mitigate the dehumanizing effects of the destruction to public and private life wrought by it.
For the first time he comes to the defense of the "poor, politically and socially propertyless
" when he demands for the poor "a customary right."
In Dawn Keetley's "Zombie Republic: Property, the Propertyless
Multitude, and the Walking Dead," she uses key zombie narratives--including much of George A.
former king, simultaneously mad and insightful, calls attention to the "paradoxical relation between being and having" (125).