Considering the curvature of the Earth, the modified refractivity M characterizes the radar propagation more directly:
Various propagation conditions can be defined by the vertical gradients of M, resulting in three anomalous propagation (AP) conditions: subrefraction, superrefraction, and ducting.
The assumption given to describe this shoaling is by defining that wave is constant throughout its propagation, so that the shoaling coefficient may mathematically be described as:
Equation (3) denotes the change of angle along ds that depends on the rapid change of wave propagation in the normal direction, where the components are:
This paper focuses on the unexpected part, congestion and its propagation resulting from delayed flights.
Therefore, research on congestion propagation must take into account the variation in flight schedule and congestion degree can be described as
Figure 3 presents the guided light propagation
by applying the same external voltages of [V.sub.app] = 0 V, 1.5 V, 2.2 V, and 2.5 V in the two channels.
The crack propagation
effects of the experimental specimens after explosion are shown in Figures 2-4.
In recent years, the vectorial version of the PE method has been employed to analyze the field propagation
processes in road and railway tunnels where the presence of dissipative and field depolarization processes cannot be neglected.
Furthermore, the entry of high-pressure water will cause crack propagation
, which will result in hydraulic fracturing.
(ii) Enhancement of propagation
policy: we enhance taint propagation
policy of flag register and related register and summarize two types of specific vulnerability models applicable to this method.
Investigation of Development Process of Pressure Waves and Knock Based on Analysis of End-Gas Autoignition Propagation
mechanism is an important research problem for information propagation
in social networks.
In References ,  and , the radiated electromagnetic noise propagation
mechanism of the component test was investigated.
The present study was conducted to develop a protocol for in vitro propagation
of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) and to determine male and female regenerants through molecular markers.