Ketamine may be the most commonly used drug for significant procedural sedation
, and it may be the best for deep sedation.
The efficacy of etomidate-fentanyl versus dexmedetomidineketamine for procedural sedation
and analgesia during upper endoscopy and biopsy: a prospective randomized study.
and analgesia in pediatric patients.
Ketamine is a dissociative sedative with analgesic and amnestic effect, and commonly used for procedural sedation
and analgesia in children.12 It preserves spontaneous respirations and protective airway reflexes as advantage.
A procedural sedation
protocol was developed from evidence-based guidelines (Mason, 2011).
P Bothner, "Adverse events associated with procedural sedation
and analgesia in a pediatric emergency department: a comparison of common parenteral drugs," Academic Emergency Medicine, vol.
Standardizing care and monitoring for anesthesia or procedural sedation
delivered outside the operating room [review].
In 194 chapters, emergency medicine specialists from North America cover test preparation and planning for various exams; resuscitation techniques; analgesia, anesthesia, and procedural sedation
; emergency wound management; emergencies in each body system and pediatrics, environmental emergencies, psychosocial disorders, and abuse and assault; and administration issues.
and analgesia for children in the emergency department.
and analgesia research: state of the art.
Safe and efficacious use of procedural sedation
and analgesia by non-anaesthesiologists in a pediatric emergency department.
Opioids are used primarily to provide analgesia in procedural sedation
(17) Implementations of guidelines for procedural sedation
and analgesia into paediatric hospitals throughout the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand have become more standardised.
TORONTO -- High-concentration continuous-flow nitrous oxide was found to be a safe agent for pediatric procedural sedation
and analgesia, even in children aged 1-3 years, Dr.
This study compares the effectiveness and safety of dexmedetomidine with a combination of fentanyl and midazolam for procedural sedation
during awake fiberoptic intubation.