The Barytheriidae were the first large size proboscideans
to appear in the fossil records and were characterised by a strong sexual dimorphism.
This introductory section also features a proboscidean
family tree with touchable scale models of family members, including a woolly mammoth, a Columbian mammoth, and an American mastodon.
These publications interrelate critically with other proboscidean
papers published elsewhere.
The current study adds to the fossil record two recently investigated proboscideans
from Nogal, New Mexico.
conversidens,andan indeterminate large proboscidean
The bone contains "the unmistakable incising of an ancient proboscidean
(elephant)," she said.
The lack of smaller vertebrate fossils from proboscidean
sites in Michigan was attributed by S keels to the possibilities that, because of their smaller size, their remains might have been overlooked, considered recent intrusions, or because they look" .
The latter also has a haemoglobin residue on it that Tuross (chapter 5) concludes is not human, but which could be proboscidean
Study of proboscidean
and peccary distributions can be useful in reconstructing broad features of habitats in the vicinity of fossil deposits.
Some of these characteristics are associated with epiphyses, but the proboscidean
from Fain Ranch Locality had few of these.
This following paper is significant in that it provides the oldest record of a Pleistocene proboscidean
origins of mastodon and woolly mammoth demonstrated immunologically, Paleobiology 11(4): 429-37.
This is the first case of a supernumerary tooth formed by fusion documented in an extinct proboscidean
Kapp) provided an update on records of mastodont and mammoth localities (as well as other Pleistocene vertebrates) and, in doing so, posed several questions, including (1) Why were proboscidean
sites in the state so abundant for such a short period of time (12,000 to 10,000 years ago), while other vertebrates were apparently so uncommon?
The vast majority of these proboscidean
materials came from occasional