In addition to evaluating their own expertise, obstetrics providers may have difficulty sorting out the quality signals as to which settings are truly equipped to care for preterm newborns
While no attempt is made here to quantify the morbidity or mortality associated with endotracheal intubation attempts in extremely preterm newborns
, repeated traumatic attempts, prolonged hypoxia, and failure to successfully intubate sometimes occur.
Increased plasma concentrations of activin A predict intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm newborns
Characteristics of preterm newborns
are shown in Table 1.
It is conceivable that transfusion of platelets reduces the risk of ductus arteriosus patency (lack of closure) in preterm newborns
with low platelet count," added Massberg.
Sylvie Nguyen The Tich of University Hospital, Angers, France, and her colleagues, also found that this biparietal diameter is significantly larger in term newborns than in preterm newborns
when measured at term equivalent age.
AM plays a role in fetal cerebral hemodynamic modifications due to hypoxia (4), and in preterm newborns
who develop intraventricular hemorrhage, an early increase of AM is related to a series of events causing loss of the cerebral vascular autoregulation system, leading to cerebral bleeding due to reperfusion (5).
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the formation of micronuclei (MN) in full-term and preterm newborns
and their mothers from the Rhea cohort (Crete), applying for the first time in cord blood a validated semiautomated analysis system, in both mono- and binucleated T lymphocytes.
However, results of the recent PREMAG trial, evaluating whether a single infusion of magnesium sulfate given to mothers would be neuroprotective in preterm newborns
, were inconclusive (BJOG 2007;114:310-8), and a Cochrane Review concluded that the role for "antenatal magnesium sulfate therapy as a neuroprotective agent for the preterm fetus is not yet established" (Cochrane Database Syst.
The net cost of health care for treatment of preterm newborns
covered by employer health plans has been estimated at $4.
are newborns of less than 37 weeks gestational age; full-term newborns are newborns of 37 weeks gestational age or more.
Newborns and especially preterm newborns
have been shown to have insufficient anti-oxidative capacity against oxygen radicals (7).
An advantage of profiling is that ratios of compounds can be calculated, and the same criteria for diagnosis can be used regardless of age at sampling, except in the case of preterm newborns
Transcutaneous bilirubinometry in healthy preterm newborns
The results for healthy preterm newborns
whose mothers were not treated with GC are in agreement with previous observations of S100B in the urine of healthy preterm infants (18).