In a very challenging paper, Miller (2000) dismantles the traditional account of the expression of the perfect by claiming that in spoken English the present perfect
(have + past participle) conveys very little - and often ambiguous--information, and that its interpretation necessarily comes from the adverbs yet, just and (n)ever.
Cognitive problems of 11th grade students in learning English subject-verb agreement in the present simple and the present perfect
tenses (unpublished MPhil thesis).
Finally, the present perfect
tense describes an action that occurred or a condition that existed at some indefinite time in the past.
Award-winning author Melissa Stewart and 26-year elementary classroom teacher Nancy Chesley present Perfect
Pairs: Using Fiction & Nonfiction Picture Books to Teach Life Science, K-2, a guide to using books to give young students a glimpse of the wonders of the natural world and life science.
We met Brad in Present Perfect
, but now we get to know him and the girl who changes his heart.
The topics includenarrative tenses for naitre and mourir in French andItalian, toward a unified account of the present perfect
in Catalan and English, non-conventional uses of the pluperfect in Italian (and German) literary prose, some observations from the current evolution of the Romanian presumptive, and modals and tense in contemporary European Portuguese and in Old Portuguese.
For example, the meanings of the preterite and present perfect
are nowhere laid out, though these vary from one NENA dialect to another.
Though APA guidelines direct authors to use past tense or present perfect
tense to describe earlier research, I believe that the use of present tense is more powerful when referencing ideas and theories that remain relevant to the issue at hand.
1997 "Contrastive and Innovative Uses of the Present Perfect
and the Preterite in Spanish in Contact with Quechua".
The author is talking about the first coming (the tense is present perfect
, "by the coming .
Kognitivna Zingvistika i jezicne strukture: engleski present perfect
Most verbs are regular, forming their past and present perfect
tenses by adding -d, - ed, or t, as in I walk.
It's possible that it was like that, detail for detail, but no detail constitutes an individual memory: whether in the past historic or present perfect
, the tense is substituting for the imperfect: "They were happy.
New products present perfect
materialization of characteristics of Montevina Platform.
This article examines the use of the present perfect
(PP) in Australian English using a corpus of stories told during radio chat-show programs and news reports.