Open, Shifting, Porously
Bordered Web of Connections
Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra reflects this shift when it depicts Egyptians as porously
interconnected with their elemental earth and Romans dominating a hard-surfaced, impervious world.
This public maternal body was conceptually divided into two forms that Kukla terms the unruly mother and the fetish mother: "an unruly, capricious, improperly and porously
bounded body, easily corrupted and driven by cravings and passions, and a fetishized, well-ordered 'natural' body enjoying perfect unity and reciprocity with its child" (p.67; emphases in original).
In any case, such confusion complicates the idea of New York Puerto Rican music as an unproblematic site for the performing or construction or invoking of imagined communities, since the idea of an imagination in the politically expedient, post-Enlightenment sense is hard to graft on to a text as synthetic and as porously
diasporic as this.
chronological chapters are defined by modes of interaction: early maritime contacts defined primarily by ethnic and professional maritime groups; the age of 'commercial imperialism' when the rise of Islam acted as a unifying force in the region; the 'age of commerce' which eventually witnessed the incorporation of Westerners into the Indian Ocean networks; and finally the era of industrial capitalism in which the Indian Ocean world was incorporated into the capitalist system dominated by the West.