They have been reported to parasitize acoels, platyhelminthes
, annelids, molluscs, nemerteans, echinoderms, and chordates; and it has been suggested that they are present in the host animals as multinucleate plasmodia (Slyusarev and Miller, 1998).
Amato, "Calcium determination in the shell of Lymnaea columella (Mollusca, Gastropoda) infected with Fasciola hepatica (Platyhelminthes
, Digenea)," Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol.
Salinas, "Linked thioredoxin-glutathione systems in platyhelminth
parasites: Alternative pathways for glutathione reduction and deglutathionylation," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Robust regenerative homeostasis is a classic, characteristic of platyhelminths
. This research demonstrates that this robust homeostasis is significantly based in similar genomic homeostasis grounded in dynamic kinetics where both genotypic plasticity and resulting phenotypic morphologic plasticity can be significant and beneficial.
V Ontogenetic development of the brain of the platyhelminth
Uniciliated, non-ciliated and various other types of presumed sensory receptors have been described on the body surface and haptor of monogeneans and other Platyhelminthes
Especies de Temnocephala (Platyhelminthes
: Temnocephalidae) de la Isla Martin Garcia, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Several recent studies have been published on the biota of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martin Garcia Island--g., hydrophyte plants (Lahitte and Hurrell, 1996), vertebrates (Juarez, 1995; Lahitte et al., 1995; Lahitte and Hurrell, 1998), the platyhelminth
Temnocephala (Damborenea et al., 1997), aquatic oligochaetes (Armendariz et al., 2000; Armendariz and Cesar, 2001), Hirudinea (Cesar et al., 2009), aquatic and semiaquatic insects (Fernandez and Lopez Ruf, 1999), ostracod crustaceans (Cesar et al., 2001; Cesar and Liberto, 2008), aquatic mollusks (Rumi et al., 1996; Rumi et al., 2004; Martin and Negrete, 2006; Rumi et al., 2007; Martin, 2008), and terrestrial mollusks (Martin et al., 2009).
belonging to the order of turbellarians with two pigmented frontal eyes and an orange-pink coloration (Fig.
However, many examples of reciprocal endocrine interactions between parasites and hosts have been found in insects, arthropods, and mammals, and also in parasitic platyhelminths
. For example, the platyhelminth
tapeworm Taenia crassiceps affects the serum concentration of steroid hormones and the reproductive behavior of its male mouse host (Romano et al., 2003).
turbellarians resembling a Urastoma sp.
2010), an isopod that can be found on the skin of the sea cucumber (Menzies & Miller 1955), a platyhelminth
that lives in the coelom (Cannon 1990), and turbellarian parasites that live in its intestine (Hickman 1955, Jondelius 1996).
The skeleton of many benthic invertebrates, including platyhelminth
worms, sponges, molluscs, echinoderms, ascidians, and cnidarians, is composed of mineral-hardened spicules (Kingsley, 1984).
Heritable non-susceptibility in an allopatric host-parasite system: Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca)-Echinostoma caproni (Platyhelminth