References in periodicals archive ?
Zika virus can cross placental barrier, but link with microcephaly remains unclear, new evidence suggests.
In a study that evaluated endocrine disruptors, heavy metals are cited as substances capable of crossing the placental barrier and accumulating in breast milk (Bila & Dezotti, 2007).
Lead acetate affects the rate of intrauterine ossification of cartilage in fetal skeleton as it has an ability to penetrate the placental barrier (Table 1).
Certain metals have also been reported to cross the placental barrier if the mother becomes exposed directly or idirectly to these toxic metals (Magdalini, 2010).
But the researchers note that acetaminophen, also sold as Tylenol, can cross the placental barrier.
If you can penetrate the mucosa in the intestine, maybe next you can penetrate the mucosa in the lungs, maybe the blood-brain barrier, maybe the placental barrier," Farokhzad says.
Along with nutrients and oxygen, caffeine passes across the placental barrier but is not easily inactivated by the developing foetus.
Mercury emits vapors that are colorless and odorless, which when inhaled, is absorbed into the bloodstream and cross the blood-brain and placental barrier.
It is a pregnancy category-B drug, capable of crossing the placental barrier and has the potential to cause hypersensitivity reaction.
t sy n At the scientists did not believe drug taken by a woman could pass across placental barrier the developing foetus.
Alcohol crosses the placental barrier and can stunt foetal growth.
It readily passes both the placental barrier and the blood-brain barrier, therefore exposures during pregnancy are of highest concern.
For example, the safety of many substances is the result of the substances not being absorbed in the intestine or prohibited from traversing conventional barriers such as the blood‐brain barrier, placental barrier, gonadal barrier, etc.
But during this time, alkaloids in the lupines can cross the placental barrier and temporarily induce fetal immobility.